High-Frequency Vocabulary Words for CSS, PMS Aspirants

Vocabulary words for CSS, PMS aspirants | Vocabulary words for FPSC, PPSC, KPPSC, SPSC, BPSC, NTS exams for Assistant Directors | Vocabulary words for CSS Aspirants

The following is a list of highly used vocabulary words found on multiple exams, such as the CSS, PMS, FPSC, PPSC, SPSC, KPPSC, BPSC, AJKPSC, GBPSC, SAT, GAT, GMAT, and GRE. Make a study schedule as told by Sir Syed Kazim Ali and try to use them appropriately.

  1. Abet: To aid, promote, or encourage the commission of (an offence).
  2. Abeyance: A state of suspension or temporary inaction.
  3. Abjure: To recant, renounce, repudiate under oath.
  4. Ablution: A washing or cleansing, especially of the body.
  5. Abrogate: To abolish, repeal.
  6. Abscond: To depart suddenly and secretly, as for the purpose of escaping arrest.
  7. Abstemious: Characterized by self-denial or abstinence, as in the use of drink, food.
  8. Abstruse: Dealing with matters difficult to be understood.
  9. Abut: To touch at the end or boundary line.
  10. Accede: To agree.
  11. Acquiesce: To comply; submit.
  12. Acrid: Harshly pungent or bitter.
  13. Acumen: Quickness of intellectual insight, or discernment; keenness of discrimination.
  14. Adage: An old saying.
  15. Adamant: Any substance of exceeding hardness or impenetrability.
  16. Admonition: Gentle reproof.
  17. Adumbrate: To represent beforehand in outline or by emblem.
  18. Affable: Easy to approach.
  19. Aggrandize: To cause to appear greatly.
  20. Aggravate: To make heavier, worse, or more burdensome.
  21. Agile: Able to move or act quickly, physically, or mentally.
  22. Agog: In eager desire.
  23. Alacrity: Cheerful willingness.
  24. Alcove: A covered recess connected with or at the side of a larger room.
  25. Alleviate: To make something less burdensome or less hard to bear.
  26. Aloof: Not in sympathy with or desiring to associate with others.
  27. Amalgamate: To mix or blend together in a homogeneous body.
  28. Ambidextrous: Having the ability to use both hands with equal skill or ease.
  29. Ambiguous: Having a double meaning.
  30. Ameliorate: To relieve, as from pain or hardship
  31. Anathema: Anything which is forbidden, as by social usage.
  32. Animadversion: The utterance of criticism or censure.
  33. Animosity: Hatred.
  34. Antediluvian: Of or pertaining to the times, things, events before the great flood in the days of Noah.
  35. Antidote: Anything that will counteract or remove the effects of poison, disease, or the like.
  36. Aplomb: Confidence; coolness.
  37. Apocryphal: Of doubtful authority or authenticity.
  38. Apogee: The climax.
  39. Apostate: False.
  40. Apotheosis: Deification.
  41. Apparition: Ghost.
  42. Appease: To soothe by quieting anger or indignation.
  43. Apposite: Appropriate.
  44. Apprise: To give notice to; to inform.
  45. Approbation: Sanction.
  46. Arboreal: Of or pertaining to a tree or trees.
  47. Ardour: Intensity of passion or affection.
  48. Argot: A specialized vocabulary peculiar to a particular group.
  49. Arrant: Notoriously bad.
  50. Ascetic: Given severe self-denial and practising excessive abstinence and devotion.
  51. Ascribe: To assign as a quality or attribute.
  52. Asperity: Harshness or roughness of temper.
  53. Assiduous: Unceasing; persistent
  54. Assuage: To cause to be less harsh, violent, or severe, as excitement, appetite, pain, or disease.
  55. Astringent: Harsh in disposition or character.
  56. Astute: Keen in discernment.
  57. Atonement: Amends, reparation, or expiation made from wrong or injury.
  58. Audacious: Fearless.
  59. Augury: Omen
  60. Auspicious: Favorable omen
  61. Austere: Severely simple; unadorned.
  62. Autocrat: Anyone who claims or wields unrestricted or undisputed authority or influence.
  63. Auxiliary: One who or that which aids or helps, especially when regarded as subsidiary or accessory.
  64. Avarice: Passion for getting and keeping riches.
  65. Aver: To avouch, justify or prove
  66. Aversion: A mental condition of fixed opposition to or dislike of some particular thing.
  67. Avow: To declare openly.
  68. Baleful: Malignant.
  69. Banal: Commonplace.
  70. Bask: To make warm by genial heat.
  71. Beatify: To make supremely happy.
  72. Bedaub: To smear over, as with something oily or sticky.
  73. Bellicose: Warlike.
  74. Belligerent: Manifesting a warlike spirit.
  75. Benefactor: A doer of kindly and charitable acts.
  76. Benevolence: Any act of kindness or well-doing.
  77. Benign: Good and kind of heart.
  78. Berate: To scold severely.
  79. Bewilder: To confuse the perceptions or judgment of.
  80. Blandishment: Flattery intended to persuade.
  81. Blatant: Noisily or offensively loud or clamorous.
  82. Blithe: Joyous.
  83. Boisterous: Unchecked merriment or animal spirits.
  84. Bolster: To support, as something wrong.
  85. Bombast: Inflated or extravagant language, especially on unimportant subjects.
  86. Boorish: Rude.
  87. Breach: The violation of official duty, lawful right, or a legal obligation.
  88. Brittle: Fragile.
  89. Broach: To mention, for the first time.
  90. Bumptious: Full of offensive and aggressive self-conceit.
  91. Buoyant: Having the power or tendency to float or keep afloat.
  92. Burnish: To make brilliant or shining.
  93. Cabal: A number of persons secretly united for effecting by intrigue some private purpose.
  94. Cacophony: A disagreeable, harsh, or discordant sound or combination of sounds or tones.
  95. Cajole: To impose on or dupe by flattering speech.
  96. Callow: Without the experience of the world.
  97. Calumny: Slander.
  98. Candid: Straightforward.
  99. Cant: To talk in a singsong, preaching tone with affected solemnity.
  100. Capacious: Roomy.
  1. Capitulate: To surrender or stipulate terms.
  2. Captious: Hypercritical.
  3. Castigate: To punish.
  4. Cataract: Opacity of the lens of the eye resulting in complete or partial blindness.
  5. Caustic: Sarcastic and severe.
  6. Censure: To criticize severely; also, an expression of disapproval.
  7. Centurion: A captain of a company of one hundred infantry in the ancient Roman army.
  8. Chagrin: Keen vexation, annoyance, or mortification, as at one’s failures or errors.
  9. Chary: Careful; wary; cautious.
  10. Chicanery: The use of trickery to deceive.
  11. Circumlocution: Indirect or roundabout expression.
  12. Coddle: To treat as a baby or an invalid.
  13. Coerce: To force.
  14. Coeval: Existing during the same period of time; also, a contemporary.
  15. Cogent: Appealing strongly to the reason or conscience.
  16. Cogitate: Consider carefully and deeply; ponder.
  17. Cognizant: Taking notice.
  18. Colloquial: Pertaining or peculiar to common speech as distinguished from literary.
  19. Collusion: A secret agreement for a wrongful purpose.
  20. Comestible: Fit to be eaten.
  21. Commemorate: To serve as a remembrance of.
  22. Complaisance: Politeness.
  23. Complement: To make complete.
  24. Comport: To conduct or behave (oneself).
  25. Compunction: Remorseful feeling.
  26. Conceit: Self-flattering opinion.
  27. Conciliatory: Tending to reconcile.
  28. Concord: Harmony.
  29. Concur: To agree.
  30. Condense: To abridge.
  31. Conflagration: A great fire, as of many buildings, a forest, or the like.
  32. Confluence: The place where streams meet.
  33. Congeal: To coagulate.
  34. Conjoin: To unite.
  35. Connoisseur: A critical judge of art, especially one with thorough knowledge and sound judgment of art.
  36. Console: To comfort.
  37. Conspicuous: Clearly visible.
  38. Consternation: Panic.
  39. Constrict: To bind.
  40. Consummate: To bring to completion.
  41. Contiguous: Touching or joining at the edge or boundary.
  42. Contrite: Broken in spirit because of a sense of sin.
  43. Contumacious: Rebellious.
  44. Copious: Plenteous.
  45. Cornucopia: The horn of plenty, symbolizing peace and prosperity.
  46. Corporeal: Of a material nature; physical.
  47. Correlate: To put in some relation of connection or correspondence.
  48. Corroboration: Confirmation.
  49. Counterfeit: Made to resemble something else.
  50. Countervail: To offset.
  51. Covert: Concealed, especially for an evil purpose.
  52. Cower: To crouch down tremblingly, as through fear or shame.
  53. Crass: Coarse or thick in nature or structure, as opposed to thin or fine.
  54. Credulous: Easily deceived.
  55. Cupidity: Avarice.
  56. Cursory: Rapid and superficial.
  57. Curtail: To cut off or cut short.
  58. Cynosure: That to which general interest or attention is directed.
  59. Dearth: Scarcity, as of something customary, essential, or desirable.
  60. Defer: To delay or put off to some other time.
  61. Deign: To do something that one considers to be beneath one’s dignity.
  62. Deleterious: Hurtful, morally or physically.
  63. Delineate: To represent by sketch or diagram.
  64. Deluge: To overwhelm with a flood of water.
  65. Demagogue: An unprincipled politician.
  66. Denizen: Inhabitant.
  67. Denouement: That part of a play or story in which the mystery is cleared up.
  68. Deplete: To reduce or lessen, as by use, exhaustion, or waste.
  69. Deposition: Testimony legally taken on interrogatories and reduced to writing, for use as evidence in court.
  70. Deprave: To render bad, especially morally bad.
  71. Deprecate: To express disapproval or regret for, with hope for the opposite.
  72. Deride: To ridicule.
  73. Derision: Ridicule.
  74. Derivative: Coming or acquired from some origin.
  75. Descry: To discern.
  76. Desiccant: Any remedy which, when applied externally, dries up or absorbs moisture, as that of wounds.
  77. Desuetude: A state of disuse or inactivity.
  78. Desultory: Not connected with what precedes.
  79. Deter: To frighten away.
  80. Dexterity: Readiness, precision, efficiency, and ease in any physical activity or in any mechanical work.
  81. Diaphanous: Transparent.
  82. Diatribe: Bitter or malicious criticism.
  83. Didactic: Pertaining to teaching.
  84. Diffidence: Self-distrust.
  85. Diffident: Affected or possessed with self-distrust.
  86. Dilate: To enlarge in all directions.
  87. Dilatory: Tending to cause a delay.
  88. Disallow: To withhold permission or sanction.
  89. Discomfit: To put to confusion.
  90. Disconcert: To disturb the composure of.
  91. Disconsolate: Hopelessly sad; also, saddening; cheerless.
  92. Discountenance: To look upon with disfavour.
  93. Discredit: To injure the reputation of.
  94. Discreet: Judicious.
  95. Dishevelled: Disordered; disorderly; untidy.
  96. Dissemble: To hide by pretending something different.
  97. Disseminate: To sow or scatter abroad, as a seed is sown.
  98. Dissent: Disagreement.
  99. Dissolution: A breaking up of a union of persons.
  100. Distraught: Bewildered.
  1. Divulge: To tell or make known, as something previously private or secret.
  2. Dogmatic: Making statements without argument or evidence.
  3. Dormant: Being in a state of or resembling sleep.
  4. Dubious: Doubtful.
  5. Duplicity: Double-dealing.
  6. Earthenware: Anything made of clay and baked in a kiln or dried in the sun.
  7. Ebullient: Showing enthusiasm or exhilaration of feeling.
  8. Edacious: Given to eating.
  9. Edible: Suitable to be eaten.
  10. Educe: To draw out.
  11. Effete: Exhausted, as having performed its functions.
  12. Efficacy: The power to produce an intended effect as shown in the production of it.
  13. Effrontery: Unblushing impudence.
  14. Effulgence: Splendor.
  15. Egregious: Extreme.
  16. Egress: Any place of exit.
  17. Elegy: A lyric poem lamenting the dead.
  18. Elicit: To educe or extract gradually or without violence.
  19. Elucidate: To bring out more clearly the facts concerning.
  20. Emaciate: To waste away in flesh.
  21. Embellish: To make beautiful or elegant by adding attractive or ornamental features.
  22. Embezzle: To misappropriate secretly.
  23. Emblazon: To set forth publicly or in glowing terms.
  24. Encomium: A formal or discriminating expression of praise.
  25. Encumbrance: A burdensome and troublesome load.
  26. Endemic: Peculiar to some specified country or people.
  27. Enervate: To render ineffective or inoperative.
  28. Engender: To produce.
  29. Engrave: To cut or carve in or upon some surface.
  30. Enigma: A riddle.
  31. Enmity: Hatred.
  32. Entangle: To involve in difficulties, confusion, or complications.
  33. Entreat: To ask for or request earnestly.
  34. Epicurean: Indulging, ministering, or pertaining to daintiness of appetite.
  35. Epithet: Word used adjectivally to describe some quality or attribute of is objects, as in “Father Aeneas”.
  36. Epitome: A simplified representation.
  37. Equable: Equal and uniform; also, serene.
  38. Equanimity: Evenness of mind or temper.
  39. Equanimity: Calmness; composure.
  40. Equilibrium: A state of balance.
  41. Equivocal: Ambiguous.
  42. Equivocate: To use words of double meaning.
  43. Eradicate: To destroy thoroughly.
  44. Errant: Roving or wandering, as in search of adventure or opportunity for gallant deeds.
  45. Erratic: Irregular.
  46. Erroneous: Incorrect.
  47. Erudite: Very-learned.
  48. Eschew: To keep clear of.
  49. Espy: To keep close watch.
  50. Eulogy: A spoken or written laudation of a person’s life or character.
  51. Euphonious: Characterized by agreeableness of sound.
  52. Evanescent: Fleeting.
  53. Evince: To make manifest or evident.
  54. Evoke: To call or summon forth.
  55. Exacerbate: To make more sharp, severe, or virulent.
  56. Exculpate: To relieve of blame.
  57. Exhaustive: Thorough and complete in execution.
  58. Exigency: A critical period or condition.
  59. Exigency: State of requiring immediate action; also, an urgent situation; also, that which is required in a
  60. Exorbitant: Going beyond usual and proper limits.
  61. Expatiate: To speak or write at some length.
  62. Expedient: Contributing to personal advantage.
  63. Expiate: To make satisfaction or amends for.
  64. Explicate: To clear from involvement.
  65. Expostulate: To discuss.
  66. Expropriate: To deprive of possession; also, to transfer (another’s property) to oneself.
  67. Extant: Still existing and known.
  68. Extempore: Without studied or special preparation.
  69. Extenuate: To diminish the gravity or importance of.
  70. Extinct: Being no longer in existence.
  71. Extinguish: To render extinct.
  72. Extirpate: To root out; to eradicate.
  73. Extol: To praise in the highest terms.
  74. Extort: To obtain by violence, threats, compulsion, or the subjection of another to some necessity.
  75. Extraneous: Having no essential relation to a subject.
  76. Exuberance: Rich supply.
  77. Facetious: Amusing.
  78. Facile: Not difficult to do.
  79. Factious: Turbulent.
  80. Fallacious: Illogical.
  81. Fatuous: Idiotic
  82. Fawn: A young deer.
  83. Feint: Any sham, pretence, or deceptive movement.
  84. Felon: A criminal or depraved person.
  85. Ferocity: Savageness.
  86. Fervid: Intense.
  87. Fervor: Ardor or intensity of feeling.
  88. Fidelity: Loyalty.
  89. Finesse: Subtle contrivance used to gain a point.
  90. Flamboyant: Characterized by extravagance and in general by want of good taste.
  91. Flippant: Having a light, pert, trifling disposition.
  92. Florid: Flushed with red.
  93. Flout: To treat with contempt.
  94. Foible: A personal weakness or failing.
  95. Foment: To nurse to life or activity; to encourage.
  96. Foppish: Characteristic of one who is unduly devoted to dress and the niceties of manners.
  97. Forbearance: Patient endurance or toleration of offences.
  98. Forfeit: To lose possession of through failure to fulfil some obligation.
  99. Forgery: Counterfeiting.
  100. Forswear: To renounce upon oath.
  1. Fragile: Easily broken.
  2. Frantic: Frenzied.
  3. Frugal: Economical.
  4. Fugacious: Fleeting.
  5. Fulminate: To cause to explode.
  6. Fulsome: Offensive from excess of praise or commendation.
  7. Gainsay: To contradict; to deny.
  8. Gamut: The whole range or sequence.
  9. Garrulous: Given to constant trivial talking.
  10. Germane: Relevant.
  11. Gesticulate: To make gestures or motions, as in speaking, or in place of speech.
  12. Glimmer: A faint, wavering, unsteady light.
  13. Gossamer: Flimsy.
  14. Gourmand: A connoisseur in the delicacies of the table.
  15. Grandiloquent: Speaking in or characterized by a pompous or bombastic style.
  16. Gregarious: Sociable, outgoing
  17. Grievous: Creating affliction.
  18. Guile: Duplicity.
  19. Gullible: Credulous.
  20. Halcyon: Calm.
  21. Harangue: A tirade.
  22. Harbinger: One who or that which foreruns and announces the coming of any person or thing.
  23. Head: Adv. Precipitately, as in diving.
  24. Heinous: Odiously sinful.
  25. Heresy: An opinion or doctrine subversive of settled beliefs or accepted principles.
  26. Heterogeneous: Consisting of dissimilar elements or ingredients of different kinds.
  27. Hirsute: Having a hairy covering.
  28. Hoodwink: To deceive.
  29. Hospitable: Disposed to treat strangers or guests with generous kindness.
  30. Hypocrisy: Extreme insincerity.
  31. Iconoclast: An image-breaker.
  32. Idiosyncrasy: A mental quality or habit peculiar to an individual.
  33. Ignoble: Low in character or purpose.
  34. Ignominious: Shameful.
  35. Illicit: Unlawful.
  36. Imbroglio: A misunderstanding attended by ill feeling, perplexity, or strife.
  37. Imbue: To dye; to instil profoundly.
  38. Immaculate: Without spot or blemish.
  39. Imminent: Dangerous and close at hand.
  40. Immutable: Unchangeable.
  41. Impair: To cause to become less or worse.
  42. Impassive: Unmoved by or not exhibiting feeling.
  43. Impecunious: Having no money.
  44. Impede: To be an obstacle or to place obstacles in the way of.
  45. Imperative: Obligatory.
  46. Imperious: Insisting on obedience.
  47. Imperturbable: Calm.
  48. Impervious: Impenetrable.
  49. Impetuous: Impulsive.
  50. Impiety: Irreverence toward God.
  51. Implacable: Incapable of being pacified.
  52. Implicate: To show or prove to be involved in or concerned
  53. Implicit: Implied.
  54. Importunate: Urgent in character, request, or demand.
  55. Importune: To harass with persistent demands or entreaties.
  56. Impromptu: Anything which is done or said on the impulse of the moment.
  57. Improvident: Lacking foresight or thrift.
  58. Impugn: To assail with arguments, insinuations, or accusations.
  59. Impute: To attribute.
  60. Inadvertent: Accidental.
  61. Inane: Silly.
  62. Incessant: Unceasing.
  63. Inchoate: Incipient.
  64. Incipient: Initial.
  65. Incite: To rouse to a particular action.
  66. Incongruous: Unsuitable for the time, place, or occasion.
  67. Inculcate: To teach by frequent repetitions.
  68. Indelible: That can not be blotted out, effaced, destroyed, or removed.
  69. Indigence: Poverty.
  70. Indigenous: Native.
  71. Indistinct: Vague.
  72. Indolence: Laziness.
  73. Indolent: Habitually inactive or idle.
  74. Indomitable: Unconquerable.
  75. Indulgent: Yielding to the desires or humour of oneself or those under one’s care.
  76. Ineffable: Unutterable.
  77. Ineluctable: Impossible to avoid.
  78. Inept: Not fit or suitable.
  79. Inexorable: Unrelenting.
  80. Infuse: To instil, introduce, or inculcate, as principles or qualities.
  81. Ingenuous: Candid, frank, or open in character or quality.
  82. Inimical: Adverse.
  83. Innocuous: Harmless.
  84. Inscrutable: Impenetrably mysterious or profound.
  85. Insensible: Imperceptible.
  86. Insinuate: To imply.
  87. Insipid: Tasteless.
  88. Insouciant: Nonchalant.
  89. Insurrection: The state of being in active resistance to authority.
  90. Interdict: Authoritative act of prohibition.
  91. Interim: Time between acts or periods.
  92. Intransigent: Not capable of being swayed or diverted from a course.
  93. Intrepid: Fearless and bold.
  94. Introspection: The act of observing and analyzing one’s own thoughts and feelings.
  95. Inundate: To fill with an overflowing abundance.
  96. Inure: To harden or toughen by use, exercise, or exposure.
  97. Invalid: One who is disabled by illness or injury.
  98. Invective: An utterance intended to cast censure or reproach.
  99. Inveigh: To utter vehement censure or invective.
  100. Inveterate: Habitual.
  1. Invidious: Showing or feeling envy.
  2. Invincible: Not to be conquered, subdued, or overcome.
  3. Iota: A small or insignificant mark or part.
  4. Irascible: Prone to anger.
  5. Irate: Moved to anger.
  6. Ire: Wrath.
  7. Irksome: Wearisome.
  8. Itinerant: Wandering.
  9. Itinerate: To wander from place to place.
  10. Jocular: Inclined to joke.
  11. Jovial: Merry.
  12. Judicious: Prudent.
  13. Junta: A council or assembly that deliberates in secret upon the affairs of government.
  14. Lachrymose: Given to shedding tears.
  15. Lackadaisical: Listless.
  16. Languid: Relaxed.
  17. Lascivious: Lustful.
  18. Lassitude: Lack of vitality or energy.
  19. Latent: Dormant.
  20. Laudable: Praiseworthy.
  21. Laudatory: Pertaining to, expressing, or containing praise.
  22. Legacy: A bequest.
  23. Levee: An embankment beside a river or stream or an arm of the sea, to prevent overflow.
  24. Levity: Frivolity.
  25. Lexicon: A dictionary.
  26. Libel: Defamation.
  27. Licentious: Wanton.
  28. Lien: A legal claim or hold on property, as security for a debt or charge.
  29. Listless: Inattentive.
  30. Lithe: Supple.
  31. Loquacious: Talkative.
  32. Lugubrious: Indicating sorrow, often ridiculously.
  33. Luminary: One of the heavenly bodies as a source of light.
  34. Lustrous: Shining.
  35. Malaise: A condition of uneasiness or ill-being.
  36. Malcontent: One who is dissatisfied with the existing state of affairs.
  37. Malevolence: Ill will.
  38. Malign: To speak evil of, especially to do so falsely and severely.
  39. Malleable: Pliant.
  40. Massacre: The unnecessary and indiscriminate killing of human beings.
  41. Maudlin: Foolishly and tearfully affectionate.
  42. Mawkish: Sickening or insipid.
  43. Mellifluous: Sweetly or smoothly flowing.
  44. Mendacious: Untrue.
  45. Mendicant: A beggar.
  46. Meretricious: Alluring by false or gaudy show.
  47. Mesmerize: To hypnotize.
  48. Meticulous: Over-cautious.
  49. Mettle: Courage.
  50. Mettlesome: Having courage or spirit.
  51. Microcosm: The world or universe on a small scale.
  52. Mien: The external appearance or manner of a person.
  53. Mischievous: Fond of tricks.
  54. Miscreant: A villain.
  55. Miser: A person given to saving and hoarding unduly.
  56. Misnomer: A name wrongly or mistakenly applied.
  57. Moderation: Temperance.
  58. Modicum: A small or token amount.
  59. Mollify: To soothe.
  60. Molt: To cast off, as hair, feathers, etc.
  61. Monomania: The unreasonable pursuit of one idea.
  62. Morbid: Caused by or denoting a diseased or unsound condition of body or mind.
  63. Mordant: Biting.
  64. Moribund: On the point of dying.
  65. Morose: Gloomy.
  66. Multifarious: Having great diversity or variety.
  67. Mundane: Worldly, as opposed to spiritual or celestial.
  68. Munificent: Extraordinarily generous.
  69. Myriad: A vast indefinite number.
  70. Nadir: The lowest point.
  71. Nefarious: Wicked in the extreme.
  72. Negligent: Apt to omit what ought to be done.
  73. Neophyte: Having the character of a beginner.
  74. Noisome: Very offensive, particularly to the sense of smell.
  75. Nostrum: Any scheme or recipe of a charlatan character.
  76. Noxious: Hurtful.
  77. Nugatory: Having no power or force.
  78. Obdurate: Impassive to feelings of humanity or pity.
  79. Obfuscate: To darken; to obscure.
  80. Oblique: Slanting; said of lines.
  81. Obsequious: Showing a servile readiness to fall in with the wishes or will of another.
  82. Obstreperous: Boisterous.
  83. Obtrude: To be pushed or to push oneself into undue prominence.
  84. Obtrusive: Tending to be pushed or to push oneself into undue prominence.
  85. Obviate: To clear away or provide for, as an objection or difficulty.
  86. Odious: Hateful.
  87. Odium: A feeling of extreme repugnance, or of dislike and disgust.
  88. Officious: Intermeddling with what is not one’s concern.
  89. Ominous: Portentous.
  90. Onerous: Burdensome or oppressive.
  91. Onus: A burden or responsibility.
  92. Opprobrium: The state of being scornfully reproached or accused of evil.
  93. Ossify: To convert into bone.
  94. Ostentation: A display dictated by vanity and intended to invite applause or flattery.
  95. Ostracism: Exclusion from intercourse or favor, as in society or politics.
  96. Ostracize: To exclude from public or private favor.
  97. Palate: The roof of the mouth.
  98. Palatial: Magnificent.
  99. Palliate: To cause to appear less guilty.
  100. Palpable: Perceptible by feeling or touch.
  1. Panacea: A remedy or medicine proposed for or professing to cure all diseases.
  2. Panegyric: A formal and elaborate eulogy, written or spoken, of a person or of an act.
  3. Panoply: A full set of armor.
  4. Paragon: A model of excellence.
  5. Pariah: A member of a degraded class; a social outcast.
  6. Paroxysm: A sudden outburst of any kind of activity.
  7. Parsimonious: Unduly sparing in the use or expenditure of money.
  8. Partisan: Characterized by or exhibiting undue or unreasoning devotion to a party.
  9. Pathos: The quality in any form of representation that rouses emotion or sympathy.
  10. Paucity: Fewness.
  11. Peccadillo: A small breach of propriety or principle.
  12. Pedestrian: One who journeys on foot.
  13. Pellucid: Translucent.
  14. Penchant: A bias in favor of something.
  15. Penurious: Excessively sparing in the use of money.
  16. Penury: Indigence.
  17. Peregrination: A wandering.
  18. Peremptory: Precluding question or appeal.
  19. Perfidy: Treachery.
  20. Perfunctory: Half-hearted.
  21. Peripatetic: Walking about.
  22. Perjury: A solemn assertion of a falsity.
  23. Permeate: To pervade.
  24. Pernicious: Tending to kill or hurt.
  25. Persiflage: Banter.
  26. Perspicacity: Acuteness or discernment.
  27. Perturbation: Mental excitement or confusion.
  28. Petrify: To convert into a substance of stony hardness and character.
  29. Petulant: Displaying impatience.
  30. Phlegmatic: Not easily roused to feeling or action.
  31. Physiognomy: The external appearance merely.
  32. Pious: Religious.
  33. Pique: To excite a slight degree of anger in.
  34. Placate: To bring from a state of angry or hostile feeling to one of patience or friendliness.
  35. Platitude: A written or spoken statement that is flat, dull, or commonplace.
  36. Plea: An argument to obtain some desired action.
  37. Plenary: Entire.
  38. Plethora: Excess; superabundance.
  39. Plumb: A weight suspended by a line to test the verticality of something.
  40. Plummet: A piece of lead for making soundings, adjusting walls to the vertical.
  41. Poignant: Severely painful or acute to the spirit.
  42. Polyglot: Speaking several tongues.
  43. Ponderous: Unusually weighty or forcible.
  44. Portend: To indicate as being about to happen, especially by previous signs.
  45. Portent: Anything that indicates what is to happen.
  46. Precarious: Perilous.
  47. Preclude: To prevent.
  48. Precocious: Having the mental faculties prematurely developed.
  49. Predominate: To be chief in importance, quantity, or degree.
  50. Premature: Coming too soon.
  51. Presage: To foretell.
  52. Prescience: Knowledge of events before they take place.
  53. Presumption: That which may be logically assumed to be true until disproved.
  54. Preternatural: Extraordinary.
  55. Prevalent: Of wide extent or frequent occurrence.
  56. Prevaricate: To use ambiguous or evasive language for the purpose of deceiving or diverting attention.
  57. Prim: Stiffly proper.
  58. Pristine: Primitive.
  59. Probity: Virtue or integrity tested and confirmed.
  60. Proclivity: A natural inclination.
  61. Procrastination: Delay.
  62. Prodigal: One wasteful or extravagant, especially in the use of money or property.
  63. Prodigious: Immense.
  64. Profligacy: Shameless viciousness.
  65. Profligate: Recklessly wasteful
  66. Profuse: Produced or displayed in overabundance.
  67. Prolix: Verbose.
  68. Propinquity: Nearness.
  69. Propitious: Kindly disposed.
  70. Prosaic: Unimaginative.
  71. Proscribe: To reject, as a teaching or a practice, with condemnation or denunciation.
  72. Protuberant: Bulging.
  73. Provident: Anticipating and making ready for future wants or emergencies.
  74. Prudence: Caution.
  75. Puerile: Childish.
  76. Pugnacious: Quarrelsome.
  77. Punctilious: Strictly observant of the rules or forms prescribed by law or custom.
  78. Pungency: The quality of affecting the sense of smell.
  79. Pusillanimous: Without spirit or bravery.
  80. Pyre: A heap of combustibles arranged for burning a dead body.
  81. Qualm: A fit of nausea.
  82. Quandary: A puzzling predicament.
  83. Quibble: An utterly trivial distinction or objection.
  84. Quiescence: Being quiet, still, or at rest; inactive
  85. Quiescent: Being in a state of repose or inaction.
  86. Quixotic: Chivalrous or romantic to a ridiculous or extravagant degree.
  87. Quotidian: Of an everyday character; ordinary.
  88. Raconteur: A person skilled in telling stories.
  89. Ramify: To divide or subdivide into branches or subdivisions.
  90. Rapacious: Sieze by force, avaricious
  91. Raucous: Harsh.
  92. Reactionary: Pertaining to, of the nature of, causing, or favoring reaction.
  93. Rebuff: A peremptory or unexpected rejection of advances or approaches.
  94. Recalcitrant: Marked by stubborn resistance.
  95. Recant: To withdraw formally one’s belief (in something previously believed or maintained).
  96. Reciprocity: Equal mutual rights and benefits granted and enjoyed.
  97. Recluse: One who lives in retirement or seclusion.
  98. Recondite: Incomprehensible to one of ordinary understanding.
  99. Recrudescent: Becoming raw or sore again.
  100. Recuperate: To recover.
  1. Redoubtable: Formidable.
  2. Redress: To set right, as a wrong by compensation or the punishment of the wrong-doer.
  3. Refractory: Not amenable to control.
  4. Regale: To give unusual pleasure.
  5. Regicide: The killing of a king or sovereign.
  6. Reiterate: To say or do again and again.
  7. Relapse: To suffer a return of a disease after partial recovery.
  8. Remonstrate: To present a verbal or written protest to those who have power to right or prevent a wrong.
  9. Renovate: To restore after deterioration, as a building.
  10. Repast: A meal; figuratively, any refreshment.
  11. Repel: To force or keep back in a manner, physically or mentally.
  12. Repine: To indulge in fretfulness and faultfinding.
  13. Reprobate: One abandoned to depravity and sin.
  14. Repudiate: To refuse to have anything to do with.
  15. Repulsive: Grossly offensive.
  16. Requisite: Necessary.
  17. Requite: To repay either good or evil to, as to a person.
  18. Rescind: To make void, as an act, by the enacting authority or a superior authority.
  19. Resilience: The power of springing back to a former position
  20. Resonance: Able to reinforce sound by sympathetic vibrations.
  21. Respite: Interval of rest.
  22. Restive: Resisting control.
  23. Retinue: The group of people who accompany an important person during travels.
  24. Revere: To regard with worshipful veneration.
  25. Reverent: Humble.
  26. Ribald: Indulging in or manifesting coarse indecency or obscenity.
  27. Risible: Capable of exciting laughter.
  28. Rotund: Round from fullness or plumpness.
  29. Ruffian: A lawless or recklessly brutal fellow.
  30. Ruminate: To chew over again, as food previously swallowed and regurgitated.
  31. Sagacious: Able to discern and distinguish with wise perception.
  32. Salacious: Having strong sexual desires.
  33. Salient: Standing out prominently.
  34. Salubrious: Healthful; promoting health.
  35. Salutary: Beneficial.
  36. Sanction: To approve authoritatively.
  37. Sanguine: Cheerfully confident; optimistic.
  38. Sardonic: Scornfully or bitterly sarcastic.
  39. Satiate: To satisfy fully the appetite or desire of.
  40. Satyr: A very lascivious person.
  41. Savor: To perceive by taste or smell.
  42. Scabbard: The sheath of a sword or similar bladed weapon.
  43. Scintilla: The faintest ray.
  44. Scribble: Hasty, careless writing.
  45. Sedulous: Persevering in effort or endeavor.
  46. Sequence: The order in which a number or persons, things, or events follow one another in space or time.
  47. Severance: Separation.
  48. Shrewd: Characterized by skill at understanding and profiting by circumstances.
  49. Sinecure: Any position having emoluments with few or no duties.
  50. Sinuous: Curving in and out.
  51. Skiff: Usually, a small light boat propelled by oars.
  52. Sluggard: A person habitually lazy or idle.
  53. Solace: Comfort in grief, trouble, or calamity.
  54. Solvent: Having sufficient funds to pay all debts.
  55. Somniferous: Tending to produce sleep.
  56. Somnolent: Sleepy.
  57. Sonorous: Resonant.
  58. Sophistry: Reasoning sound in appearance only, especially when designedly deceptive.
  59. Soporific: Causing sleep; also, something that causes sleep.
  60. Sordid: Filthy, morally degraded
  61. Specious: Plausible.
  62. Spurious: Not genuine.
  63. Squalid: Having a dirty, mean, poverty-stricken appearance.
  64. Stanch: To stop the flowing of; to check.
  65. Stigma: A mark of infamy or token of disgrace attaching to a person as the result of evil-doing.
  66. Stingy: Cheap, unwilling to spend money.
  67. Stolid: Expressing no power of feeling or perceiving.
  68. Submerge: To place or plunge under water.
  69. Subterfuge: Evasion.
  70. Succinct: Concise.
  71. Sumptuous: Rich and costly.
  72. Supercilious: Exhibiting haughty and careless contempt.
  73. Superfluous: Being more than is needed.
  74. Supernumerary: Superfluous.
  75. Supersede: To displace.
  76. Supine: Lying on the back.
  77. Supplicate: To beg.
  78. Suppress: To prevent from being disclosed or punished.
  79. Surcharge: An additional amount charged.
  80. Surfeit: To feed to fullness or to satiety.
  81. Susceptibility: A specific capability of feeling or emotion.
  82. Sybarite: A luxurious person.
  83. Sycophant: A servile flatterer, especially of those in authority or influence.
  84. Synopsis: A syllabus or summary.
  85. Taciturn: Disinclined to conversation.
  86. Taut: Stretched tight.
  87. Temerity: Foolhardy disregard of danger; recklessness.
  88. Terse: Pithy.
  89. Timorous: Lacking courage.
  90. Torpid: Dull; sluggish; inactive.
  91. Torrid: Excessively hot.
  92. Tortuous: Abounding in irregular bends or turns.
  93. Tractable: Easily led or controlled.
  94. Transgress: To break a law.
  95. Transient: One who or that which is only of temporary existence.
  96. Transitory: Existing for a short time only.
  97. Travail: Hard or agonizing labor.
  98. Travesty: A grotesque imitation.
  99. Trenchant: Cutting deeply and quickly.
  100. Trepidation: Nervous uncertainty of feeling.
  101. Trite: Made commonplace by frequent repetition.
  102. Truculence: Ferocity.
  103. Truculent: Having the character or the spirit of a savage.
  104. Turbid: In a state of turmoil; muddled
  105. Turgid: Swollen.
  106. Turpitude: Depravity.
  107. Tutelage: The act of training or the state of being under instruction.
  108. Tyro: One slightly skilled in or acquainted with any trade or profession.
  109. Ubiquitous: Being present everywhere.
  110. Ulterior: Not so pertinent as something else to the matter spoken of.
  111. Umbrage: A sense of injury.
  112. Unctuous: Oily.
  113. Undermine: To subvert in an underhand way.
  114. Undulate: To move like a wave or in waves.
  115. Untoward: Causing annoyance or hindrance.
  116. Upbraid: To reproach as deserving blame.
  117. Vagary: A sudden desire or action
  118. Vainglory: Excessive, pretentious, and demonstrative vanity.
  119. Valorous: Courageous.
  120. Vapid: Having lost sparkling quality and flavor.
  121. Variegated: Having marks or patches of different colors; also, varied.
  122. Vehement: Very eager or urgent.
  123. Venal: Mercenary, corrupt.
  124. Veneer: Outside show or elegance.
  125. Venial: That may be pardoned or forgiven, a forgivable sin.
  126. Veracious: Habitually disposed to speak the truth.
  127. Veracity: Truthfulness.
  128. Verbiage: Use of many words without necessity.
  129. Verbose: Wordy.
  130. Verdant: Green with vegetation.
  131. Veritable: Real; true; genuine.
  132. Vestige: A visible trace, mark, or impression, of something absent, lost, or gone.
  133. Vicissitude: A change, especially a complete change, of condition or circumstances, as of fortune.
  134. Vigilance: Alert and intent mental watchfulness in guarding against danger.
  135. Vigilant: Being on the alert to discover and ward off danger or insure safety.
  136. Virago: Loud talkative women, strong statured women
  137. Virtu: Rare, curious, or beautiful quality.
  138. Visage: The face, countenance, or look of a person.
  139. Vitiate: To contaminate.
  140. Vituperate: To overwhelm with wordy abuse.
  141. Vivify: To endue with life.
  142. Vociferous: Making a loud outcry.
  143. Volatile: Changeable.
  144. Voluble: Having great fluency in speaking.
  145. Wean: To transfer (the young) from dependence on mother’s milk to another form of nourishment.
  146. Whimsical: Capricious.
  147. Winsome: Attractive.
  148. Zeitgeist: The intellectual and moral tendencies that characterize any age or epoch.

CSS 2022 Solved Pakistan Affairs Past Papers

The following are the CSS 2022 Pakistan Affairs solved past papers questions. These questions have been evaluated and checked by Pakistan’s top Pakistan Affairs and Current Affairs coaches, who are either lecturers or officers and scored the highest marks in this paper. They include Miss Saba Baloch (CSS-2021), Miss Aimeen Mirza (CSS 2018), Miss Nirmal Hasni (DD NAB), Sir Rameez Ch. (Lecturer & Deputy Director), and Miss Zaineb Azam (the highest scorer – 76). Moreover, these questions have been attempted on the same pattern taught by Sir Syed Kazim Ali to his students who have been scoring the highest marks for years.

Q.1Discuss The Issues And Mistrust In US-Pakistan Relations After The Withdrawal Of The U.S. Troops From Afghanistan.
Q.2What Is The Volume Of The Grants, Aids And Loans In Pakistan’s Economy In The Last Ten Years To Stimulate Growth? Discuss
Q.3Why Did Pakistan Join Western Defense Pacts? What Cost It Had To Pay For It. Explain
Q.4Every State Designs Its Foreign Policy On National Interests Rejecting Feelings And Emotions. Why Did Pakistan Prefer Emotions, Feelings, And Ideology In Its Foreign Policy? Also, Analyze Its Impacts
Q.5Evaluate The Factional Politics Of The Early Years (1947-58) And Their Impact On The Democratic Process Of Pakistan.
Q.6Discuss The Federal Structure Of 1973 Constitution Of Pakistan After 18th Amendment. Why criticism On 18th Amendment Started Recently?
Q.7Discuss The Role Of Regional And Nationalist Political Parties In Pakistani Politics? How Far These Parties Are Necessary For The Political System?

CSS 2021 Solved Pakistan Affairs Questions

Q.2Enumerate the measures adopted by Pakistan to spotlight on the plight of Kashmiri people in the Indian occupied Jammu and Kashmir after 5th August 2019.
Q.3Now Outdated Question
Q.4How CPEC phase II will galvanize industrialization and employment in Pakistan?
Q.5Discuss the Significance of Renewable Energy Resources for Pakistan.
Q.6How Pakistan should combat the 5th generation war?
Q.7Political Stability is mandatory for economic prosperity in Pakistan. Elaborate.
Q.8Critically Evaluate the Evolution of Muslim Separate Identity in the Sub-Continent.

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