Solved by Miss Saba Islam
CSS Solved Pakistan Affairs Past Papers | What were the aims and objectives behind the creation of Pakistan? CSS Solved Past Papers
In this question, the examiner has asked the purpose and intention of the Muslim’ leaders to establish a separate homeland- Pakistan. So, you just only need to identify 4 to 5 objectives, not to mention missionaries and personalities in detail.
The answer is solved on the given pattern, which Sir Syed Kazim Ali teaches to his students, who consistently score the maximum because of their attempting the questions. The content is based on historical facts taught by Sir Rameez Ch.
The Indian subcontinent’s Muslims formed an independent country, Pakistan, to achieve specific religious, political, economic, social, and cultural goals. The aims include establishing the sovereignty of Allah Almighty, reviving a separate Muslim identity, achieving a balanced economic system, emancipating the prejudicial Hindu majority, etc.
2- Aims and Objectives behind the Creation of Pakistan
Religious aims and objectives
- Establishing sovereignty of Allah Almighty, along with reviving a separate Muslim identity through the Two-Nation Theory
Politico-economic aims and objectives
- Achieving a balanced economic system, as well as instituting the Islamic democracy
Social aims and objectives
- Showing the world a peaceful coexistence of humanity and emancipating the prejudicial Hindu majority
Cultural aims and objectives
- Protecting the Muslim culture and civilization
3- Critical Analysis
Answer to the Question
Establishing a separate state for the Indian Muslims to secure their rights and practice their beliefs had certain objectives and aim behind it. A long series of events happened both at the national and international levels that bestowed an environment where the Muslims had to struggle to find a separate homeland for themselves. Internationally, the world was struggling to acquire a system for a peaceful co-existence of humanity owing to the two world wars. Nationally, the Muslims faced social, political, religious, economic, and cultural turmoil in the presence of Hindu nationalism. Hindus and Muslims, undoubtedly, were different from each other; however, the British styled political system- divide and rule- fanned these differences. Consequently, the Muslims of the Indian subcontinent established an independent country to achieve specific objectives, such as establishing the sovereignty of Allah Almighty, reviving a separate Muslim identity, achieving a balanced economic system, showing the world a peaceful coexistence of humanity, etc. This question comprehensively discusses the purpose and intention of the Muslim’ leaders behind establishing a separate homeland- Pakistan.
“Brotherhood, equality, and fraternity of man—these are all the basic points of our religion, culture, and civilization. And we fought for Pakistan because there was a danger of denial of these human rights in this sub-continent.”
(Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah)
The prime objective to establish Pakistan was to achieve a state where Almighty Allah’s sovereignty and supremacy could be enforced. Moreover, the Indian subcontinent’s Muslims also wanted to revive their image and identity by adopting the Two-Nation Theory. According to this theory, Muslims and Hindus’ values, beliefs, and practices lie at opposite sides of a table, making them two distinct nations. As actions mirror beliefs, the Hindus and the Muslims’ perspective towards life, death, creator, and universe was different. Unlike Muslims, the Hindus worshipped, and still worship, many gods; they did not believe in re-birth after death. Hence, their faith affected Muslims social, economic, and political spheres of life. Therefore, to achieve a sovereign state where the Muslims could order their lives in individual and collective realms under the teachings of the Holy Quran and Sunnah of the Holy Prophet (PBUH), Muslims established a separate piece of land for themselves.
“We did not demand Pakistan to acquire a piece of land, but we wanted a homeland where we could introduce Islamic principles.”
(Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah)
Besides it, the creation of Pakistan was also inevitable to set up an economic and political system based on Islamic principles. Islam’s concept of democracy is different from the western one, where everyone is equal in the Islamic democratic system; no one enjoys privilege because of his social status, colour, or creed. Additionally, the Muslim leaders are responsible not only to the public but also to Allah Almighty. Likewise, in the subcontinent, the Muslims, instead of achieving separate electorates, were a minority having no say in the parliament. So, they had to obey the rules and obligations set by the majority- Hindus. Hence, only a separate homeland could allow them to be represented in policymaking. Moreover, through the establishment of Pakistan, the Muslims also desired to institute a balanced economic system because of their deplorable condition in united India. After the war of independence of 1857, the Muslims were intentionally kept behind in education and economic spheres. Consequently, they reached the lowest ebb of their social and economic life. Therefore, gaining political power for the implementation of Islamic principles in the economic and political realm was another motivation behind Pakistan’s fabrication.
Apart from the religious, political, and economic aims, the protection of Muslim culture and civilization was also an objective behind creating the land of pure- Pakistan. Undeniably, the Muslims lived with Hindus and other nations for centuries, yet they maintained their distinct image. However, the Hindus constantly desired to crush the Muslims as a nation and ultimately merge them into Hindu society. For this purpose, attempts were made in the Hindi-Urdu controversy, Shuddhi, and Sangathan movements. The purpose of these movements was to alter people’s religious identities by bringing them under the banner of Hinduism. Hence, one of the main objectives behind Pakistan’s creation was to safeguard the Muslim culture and to save them from Hindu domination.
“We are a nation with our own distinctive culture and civilization, language and literature, names and nomenclature, sense of values and proportion, legal laws and moral code, customs and calendar, history and tradition, aptitudes and ambitions; in short, we have our own distinctive outlook on life and of life. By all canons of international law, we are a nation.”
(Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah)
Also, the founding father of Pakistan sought to create a state that could ensure the peaceful coexistence of humans. At that time, the world has witnessed the two world wars having snatched the lives of millions and left billions into darkness. Moreover, the small countries were under the colonization of big powers that made them economically deprived. Previously, the League of Nations was established due to World War I for protecting humanity from wars through collective security. But, it failed to achieve its goal, and, in consequence, people witnessed the scourge of World War II. So, the nations looked for another system. Similarly, in the subcontinent, the Muslims experienced prejudices against them. And, the caste system in Hindus divided the people into segments, which, in turn, made the masses unequal in society. So, Pakistan was achieved to set an example for the world where people can live peacefully and equally under Islamic principles.
“You are free; you are free to go to your temples. You are free to go to your mosques or to any other places of worship in this State of Pakistan. You may belong to any religion, caste or creed—that has nothing to do with the business of the state.”
Quaid-e-Azam (Muhammad Ali Jinnah)
Pakistan was being created as a separate state to ensure her citizens’ social, political, religious, economic, and cultural rights irrespective of their religion, faith, and number. The Hindu’s prejudices against the Muslims in the Indian subcontinent gave this idea to the Muslims’ leaders. The constitution of Pakistan covers all the aims and objectives lay behind her creation; however, still, the country lacks in their true implementation and depiction. Therefore, Pakistan should work in this area to show the world that minorities can live peacefully in a state, which, as a result, can make this world a peaceful place to live for humanity.
People unite on various grounds to make a state, like land, race, or language. Pakistan is the country for which people united based on ideology, Two-Nation Theory. It was established to gain specific aims. By achieving a separate piece of land, the Muslims are free- economically, politically, religiously, and socially now. Undeniably, the Muslims were less in number in the Indian subcontinent, and the majority snatched their basic rights owing to this. Similarly, the land of the pure also has religious and cultural diversity. So, Pakistan’s administration should work to achieve the actual spirit behind her creation. History should not be repeated.
If we want to make this great State of Pakistan happy and prosperous, we should wholly and solely concentrate on the well being of the people and especially of the masses and the poor.
(Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah)
About Miss Saba Islam:
Saba Islam is one of the diligent students of Sir Syed Kazim Ali– one of the distinguished English language teachers in the world. Under his supervision, she is enrolled in the Creative English Writing Course. She has done Bachelors in Public Administration. She is, moreover, eager to write on multiple topics like Current Affairs, Pakistan Affairs, Public Administration, USA History, and many more.
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