Foreign Policy of Pakistan: Challenges and Opportunities.

Foreign Policy of Pakistan: Challenges and Opportunities | Best for CSS, PMS Current Affairs, Pakistan Affairs, and Essay Papers

The answer is solved by Muhammad Arslan on the given pattern, which Sir Syed Kazim Ali teaches to his students, who consistently score the maximum because of their attempting the questions. The content is based on historical facts taught by Miss Nirmal Hasni, current affairs coach and Sir Rameez Ch Pakistan Affairs coach helping aspirants for years.

Outline

Introduction

A constructive foreign policy for Pakistan is instrumental in making good relationships with other countries. However, Pakistan’s foreign policy faces many challenges, such as political instability, the increase in sectarianism, and the Kashmir crisis. But on the other hand, it sees many opportunities, such as establishing peace in Afghanistan, China Pakistan economic corridor, and better relations with Russia. 

What are the challenges being faced by Pakistan’s foreign policy?

  • Prevailing political instability
  •  Mushrooming Baluchistan crisis
  •  Rising terrorism and sectarianism
  •  Unending the Kashmir problem
  • Growing relations of US-India

What are the opportunities for Pakistan’s foreign policy?

  • The growth of democracy in Pakistan
  • The positive outcomes of the China-Pakistan economic corridor (CPEC)
  • Establishment of Peace in Afghanistan
  • The removal of sanctions against Iran 
  • The role of Shanghai Corporation Organization (SCO)
  • The positive development in the relationship between Pakistan and Russia 

What are the suggestions to improve Pakistan’s foreign policy?

  • To make good relations with all neighbours
  • To initiate a balanced approach toward the Middle East countries
  • To maintain good relations with all superpowers
  • To abstain from interference in other countries’ internal affairs 
  • To promote political stability
  • To improve the economic situation 
  • To eliminate non-state actors

Critical analysis 

Conclusion 

Answer to the Question

Introduction

The desire of Pakistan to protect its national interests is only possible by making good relations with other countries. For the purpose, therefore, the role of Pakistan’s foreign policy becomes crucial because durable and effective foreign policy is indispensable for maintaining good relations with other countries and achieving national interests. However, Pakistan faces difficulties in making a good foreign policy owing to specific challenges, such as prevailing political instability, rising terrorism and sectarianism, persisting Kashmir crisis, and growing nexus between USA and India. Nevertheless, these challenges can be solved by resolving the persistent issues linked to Pakistan’s foreign policy. On the positive side, besides these challenges, there are also opportunities for Pakistan’s foreign policy, such as the growth of democracy in Pakistan, the China-Pakistan economic corridor, the establishment of peace in Afghanistan, and the growing relations between Pakistan and Russia. This question discusses the foreign policy of Pakistan and the challenges and opportunities linked to it.

What are the challenges being faced by Pakistan’s foreign policy?

The foreign policy of Pakistan has faced both external and internal challenges. Internally, political instability, which has a long history in the country, has made it impossible for Pakistan to make a long-term foreign policy. Moreover, increasing sectarianism, extremism, and terrorism have badly impacted Pakistan’s foreign policy because it has hampered the country’s socio-economic fabric and diverted the attention of lawmakers. Furthermore, the Baluchistan crisis is also a huge concern for Pakistan’s foreign policy as it limits the options for policymakers. Above all, the bad economy of Pakistan has stopped her from making an independent and constructive foreign policy. Externally, the unresolved Kashmir issue is a bone of contention between Pakistan and India, and it is the primary reason behind their bad relationship. Furthermore, the growing nexus of the USA and India and the arms race in the region have hampered the region’s balance; consequently, it has compelled Pakistan to take countermeasures. Last but not least, peace in Afghanistan is non-negotiable for Pakistan as it is her neighbour, and both countries’ peace and prosperity are greatly linked to each other.

What are the opportunities for Pakistan’s foreign policy?

There are many clear opportunities for Pakistan’s foreign policy. First, prevailing democracy in the country can become very fruitful as it can help her make an effective foreign policy. Furthermore, the China- Pakistan Economic Corridor can provide a lot of opportunities to the country. It will strengthen the ties between Pakistan and China and improve its relations with Pakistan with other regional countries. Furthermore, peace in Afghanistan is indispensable for Pakistan, and it will increase the corporation between Pakistan and the Central Asian Republic, which are abound with natural resources. Moreover, removing sanctions against Iran will be very beneficial for Pakistan. As Iran has one of the biggest reservoirs of natural oil and gas; therefore, Pakistan can fulfil its energy-related needs from its neighbour. The Shanghai Corporation Organization (SCO) can help Pakistan and India find a peaceful solution to the Kashmir crisis, the major point of escalation between the two neighbouring nukes. Also, the growing relationship between Pakistan and Russia can help Pakistan to meet her energy and security needs.

What are the suggestions to improve Pakistan’s foreign policy?

To improve Pakistan’s foreign policy, the country has to build good relations with its neighbours and has to find peaceful solutions to its existing discords with the neighbours. Moreover, it should use a balanced approach in maintaining relationships with the Middle Eastern countries. Also, it has to use a balanced approach in pursuing relationships with the superpower and should prefer good relationships with all of them. Furthermore, it should avoid interfering in other counties’ internal matters. Apart from it, the country has to pay special attention to promoting political stability as it is essential to develop an effective foreign policy. Similarly, the country must improve its economic situation because, without economic progress, the country cannot be able to make an independent foreign policy. Last but not least, the country has to eliminate the non-state actors to stop the influence of internal and external elements on Pakistan’s foreign policy.

Critical analysis 

To analyze critically, foreign policy is very instrumental for the progress of a country, and without an effective foreign policy, the country cannot make good relations with other countries. Moreover, there is no constant foe or friends in international affairs as countries solely build relations to achieve their interests. Therefore, Pakistan must build an effective policy based on its interests and make good relations with the outer world.

Conclusion

To conclude, Pakistan’s foreign policy faces internal and external challenges, hampering its relations with other countries and making it difficult for Pakistan to achieve its interests. Also, its short-sighted foreign policies have inflicted huge damage to its economy and global image. To tackle these challenges, the country has to solve the prevailing issues related to its country’s foreign policy. And to protect its national interests, Pakistan has to make a durable and effective foreign policy. 

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