Written by Mutahar Iftikhar
Astute diplomacy is to let the other side claim the victory of words. That is exactly what happened in Shimla agreement in 1972 as the Indian side let Pakistani claim the victory by not recognizing Bangladesh and saving ninety thousand war prisoners from Indian Army’s brutality. Whatever happened was quite different than what people of Pakistan thought it was. Indians played their hand quite expediently by putting the burning issue of Kashmir on the back burner, and they were successful because Pakistan’s government was in a precarious situation over the loss of its East wing and ninety thousand war prisoners.
At the start of the summit, Indians brought a long list of demands they wanted Pakistan to fulfil in return of prisoners and lost territory to India in Kashmir. Although they remained unable to fulfil their aspiration to subside Pakistan in the corner of humiliation, they very easily got what, in fact, they wanted. It was not to get the chunk of land in Kashmir, to brutalize the prisoners, or to establish formal ties with Bangladesh but to settle the Kashmir issue for once and all. Pakistanis agreed to solve all outstanding issues with India bilaterally through peaceful means, and that was all they were hoping for in the summit. It was in line with their assessment that only foreign powers could surmount enough pressure on India to force it to solve the Kashmir issue. The only way through which status-co can be maintained is by eliminating the international factor from the equation. That made it a piece of cake for India to keep stalling the issue till the time of its own choosing, considering Pakistan a harmless irritant.
It was a near-perfect diplomatic hand played by the Indian foreign office to checkmate Pakistan, leaving toothless clamouring to it. The recent steps taken by the Modi government in 2019 are corroborating their understanding of the issue. According to them, the Kashmir issue was resolved in 1972, and the latest developments are the continuation of their comprehension of the matter.
About the writer:
Mutahar Iftikhar, an engineer and an ardent CSS aspirant, writes on a range of topics pertaining to competitive examinations and has also completed his creative writing course from Sir Syed Kazim Ali.
Name of the Student: Mr Mutahar Iftikhar
Qualifications: Petroleum Engineering
Total Articles/Blogs: 1
English Coach: Sir Syed Kazim Ali
Course Taken: Creative English Writing & Article Writing
Like other competitive students, If you have a story to tell, guidance to help, knowledge to educate, or a perspective that can help CSS aspirants daily, welcome to CSSPrepForum. It is free to get your opinions, viewpoints, judgements, and thinking published, whether it is a blog, article, essay, application, letter, precis, comprehension, MCQs, or anything that helps competitive youth of Pakistan. CSSPrepForum is a place that let you connect with thousands of competitive readers, and helps your voice heard across the community. Let’s start writing and get your voice heard to those who are looking for you. Email Your Write-ups at email@example.com
At CSSPrepForum, many famous writers, lecturers, and aspirants get their write-ups published daily, and we upload CSS solved papers, CSS Solved essays, Solved Past Papers of FPSC, PPSC, NTS, and all other competitive exams, and current affairs blogs daily. Let’s connect us and get an instant update and notification through
Facebook | Twitter | Instagram
Articles and news that you might love to read!
- Kids Corner | Your Kids Joyful Learning Starts Here
- Matric (9th & 10th) | Past Papers & Advanced 5k+ MCQs
- F.Sc. (Part-I & II) | Past Papers & Advanced 10k+ MCQs
- CSS 20 Years Solved Past Papers MCQs | Compulsory + Optional
- Do You Know Article Usage? Let’s Play Article Quiz | 1000+ MCQs
- CSS Solved Correction from 1990 to 2020
- How did Miss Bakhtawar TOP FPSC One Paper MCQs exams?
- How to qualify CSS Essay Paper and how to attempt it?
- The best CSS English teacher in Pakistan, who helped me qualify
- Top 3 best CSS English teachers in Pakistan for CSS & PMS Aspirants
- The Uses of “Used To”, “Be Used To”, & “Get Used To”
- CSS Solved Everyday Science (GSA) Past Paper 1985
- CSS Solved Everyday Science (GSA) Past Paper 1986
- CSS Solved Everyday Science (GSA) Past Paper 1987