Written by Mutahar Iftikhar
Astute diplomacy is to let the other side claim the victory of words. That is exactly what happened in Shimla agreement in 1972 as the Indian side let Pakistani claim the victory by not recognizing Bangladesh and saving ninety thousand war prisoners from Indian Army’s brutality. Whatever happened was quite different than what people of Pakistan thought it was. Indians played their hand quite expediently by putting the burning issue of Kashmir on the back burner, and they were successful because Pakistan’s government was in a precarious situation over the loss of its East wing and ninety thousand war prisoners.
At the start of the summit, Indians brought a long list of demands they wanted Pakistan to fulfil in return of prisoners and lost territory to India in Kashmir. Although they remained unable to fulfil their aspiration to subside Pakistan in the corner of humiliation, they very easily got what, in fact, they wanted. It was not to get the chunk of land in Kashmir, to brutalize the prisoners, or to establish formal ties with Bangladesh but to settle the Kashmir issue for once and all. Pakistanis agreed to solve all outstanding issues with India bilaterally through peaceful means, and that was all they were hoping for in the summit. It was in line with their assessment that only foreign powers could surmount enough pressure on India to force it to solve the Kashmir issue. The only way through which status-co can be maintained is by eliminating the international factor from the equation. That made it a piece of cake for India to keep stalling the issue till the time of its own choosing, considering Pakistan a harmless irritant.
It was a near-perfect diplomatic hand played by the Indian foreign office to checkmate Pakistan, leaving toothless clamouring to it. The recent steps taken by the Modi government in 2019 are corroborating their understanding of the issue. According to them, the Kashmir issue was resolved in 1972, and the latest developments are the continuation of their comprehension of the matter.
About the writer:
Mutahar Iftikhar, an engineer and an ardent CSS aspirant, writes on a range of topics pertaining to competitive examinations and has also completed his creative writing course from Sir Syed Kazim Ali.
Name of the Student: Mr Mutahar Iftikhar
Qualifications: Petroleum Engineering
Total Articles/Blogs: 1
English Coach: Sir Syed Kazim Ali
Course Taken: Creative English Writing & Article Writing
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CSS 2022 Solved Pakistan Affairs Past Papers
The following are the CSS 2022 Pakistan Affairs solved past papers questions. These questions have been evaluated and checked by Pakistan’s top Pakistan Affairs and Current Affairs coaches, who are either lecturers or officers and scored the highest marks in this paper. They include Miss Saba Baloch (CSS-2021), Miss Aimeen Mirza (CSS 2018), Miss Nirmal Hasni (DD NAB), Sir Rameez Ch. (Lecturer & Deputy Director), and Miss Zaineb Azam (the highest scorer – 76). Moreover, these questions have been attempted on the same pattern taught by Sir Syed Kazim Ali to his students who have been scoring the highest marks for years.
CSS 2021 Solved Pakistan Affairs Questions
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