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Critically evaluate the evolutions of Muslim Separate identity in the Sub-continent

Critically evaluate the evolutions of Muslim Separate identity in the Sub-continent

Written by Zara

The best opinion on the topic “Critically evaluate the evolutions of Muslim Separate identity in the Sub-continent” by Zara – student of Sir Syed Kazim Ali.

The distinct Muslim identity in the Sub-continent took shape through an evolutionary process. Although the process began in the 8th century, with the advent of Islam in the Sub-continent, the Muslim identity transformed further into a nationalist movement in the early 20th century due to the “Two Nation Theory”.

The Muslim identity in the Indian Sub-continent developed gradually through an evolutionary process. The consciousness of a separate identity among Muslims began in 712 AD, with the advent of Islam in the Sub-continent. Concerning this, Muhammad Ali Jinnah said, “Pakistan came into being the day when the first Hindu converted to Islam”. Moreover, reformist movements by religious leaders, such as Shah Wali Ullah, which were aimed at reviving Islamic teachings, bolstered the Muslim identity. Furthermore, common historical experiences, differences with Hindus, and a rooted sense of belonging to the universal Muslim community (ummah) served as the basis for developing a distinct Muslim community, within the Sub-continent. Moreover, notable historical figures, namely Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, Allama Iqbal and Muhammad Ali Jinnah solidified the idea of Muslim separatism further by introducing education reforms, elucidating the philosophy of Muslim nationhood and translating the idea of Muslim separatism into a political reality, respectively. Besides, Urdu-Hindi Controversy, the Meerut Incident, the aftermath of Khilafat Moment, and, above all, the results of the 1937 elections made the idea of “Two Nation Theory” popular among the Muslims. As a result, the Muslim separatist movement gained momentum and culminated in 1947, with the creation of Pakistan.

About the writer:

Zara is one of Sir Syed Kazim Ali’s students. She is enrolled in CSS, PMS English Essay & Precis Course and learning creative writing. Zara is from Lahore and has completed a double major in Political Science and Environmental Geography. She has a keen interest in international affairs and geopolitics.

Name of the Student: Zara
Qualifications: Double Major in Political Science and Environmental Geography
Total Articles/Blogs: 1
Location: Lahore
English Coach: Sir Syed Kazim Ali
Course Taken: CSS, PMS English Essay & Precis Course

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