PMS 2019 Solved Pakistan Affairs Past Papers | How do you Substantiate that the Speech of Quaid-i-Azam on 11 August 1947 was a Grand Vision that Designed the Futuristic Political and Social Structure of Pakistan?
The following question of PMS Pakistan Affairs 2019 is solved by Samia Zafar under the supervision of Miss Nirmal Hasni on the guided pattern of Sir Syed Kazim Ali, which he taught to his students, scoring the highest marks in compulsory subjects for years. This solved past paper question is uploaded to help aspirants understand how to crack a topic or question, how to write relevantly, what coherence is, and how to include and connect ideas, opinions, and suggestions to score the maximum.
- ✓Bearing the potential to reshape the destiny of the developing nation, this speech is a landmark in Pakistan’s history.
- ✓However, a plethora of social and political evils existed at that time.
- ✓To persuade the nation to surmount these ills, he addressed them to put down iron hands to set a precedent of a democratic, cooperative, and united nation.
2- Exploring the Visionary Aspects of Quaid-i-Azam’s Speech
3- How do the diverse aspects of the speech reflect the great vision of the futuristic political and social structure of Pakistan?
- Points pertaining to the Social Fabric
- ✓Maintaining law and order
- ✓Tackling black-marketing, bribery, and corruption
- ✓Eroding nepotism and jobbery
- ✓Strengthening the nation through cooperation and unity
- Points Pertaining to Political Fabric
- ✓Promoting democratic norms
- ✓Protecting the rights of minority
- ✓Surmounting sectarian and ethnic conflicts between political parties
4- Critical Analysis
Answer to the Question
This speech is a landmark in Pakistan’s history, bearing the potential to reshape the destiny of the nascent nation. On 11 August 1947, this eloquent discourse was presented before the esteemed members of the Constituent Assembly by the venerable visionary leader Quaid-I-Azam. His aspiration was to mould Pakistan into a democratic, liberal, just, and equitable state, and through this speech, he pursued dual objectives. The foremost purpose was to make a new future constitution of Pakistan, while the second was to complete a sovereign body as the Federal legislature of the new-born state. However, a plethora of social and political evils existed at that time, such as corruption, bribery, black marketing, nepotism, and jobbery. To persuade the nation to surmount these ills first, he addressed them to put down iron hands to set a precedent of a democratic, cooperative, and united nation, which could prove to be a panacea for the future of Pakistan. The question comprehends how the speech of Quaid-I-Azam was a great vision that designed the futuristic political and social structure of Pakistan.
Exploring the Visionary Aspects of Quaid-i-Azam’s Speech
Before moving towards how the speech proved to be fruitful for the social and political structure of Pakistan, it is pertinent to cast a spotlight on the purpose of the speech. It was addressed to the first Constituent Assembly of Pakistan to make the new constitution of the country, along with the completion of the sovereign body as the Federal Legislature of Pakistan. Nevertheless, there were several prevailing evils, and Quaid wanted to overcome those ills by fostering national unity, resolving conflicts, nurturing democratic principles, and safeguarding the rights of minority groups, which is a breakthrough that could put the country on the fast track of transcendent progress.
How do the diverse aspects of the speech reflect the great vision of the futuristic political and social structure of Pakistan?
A- Points pertaining to the Social Fabric
- Maintaining law and order
Moving towards the first social outlook of the speech, Pakistan, as a fledgling state, lacked both a new constitution and an established administrative framework. Moreover, a significant number of individuals opposed the division of the subcontinent, particularly contesting the partition of Punjab and Bengal. This tumultuous scenario resulted in a state of lawlessness and disorder within the nation. Nonetheless, the great leader was well aware of the underlying problems; therefore, he advocated for the imperative maintenance of law and order by the government. This approach was deemed essential for safeguarding the lives, property, and religious convictions of the populace.
- Tackling black-marketing, bribery, and corruption
Moving further in the discourse, the second focal point that Quaid directed his attention towards, in order to bolster the nation’s societal standing, pertained to the eradication of corruption, bribery, and black market activities. As Pakistan is the second Islamic state following the model of Madinah, he urged the members of the Assembly to take strict action against these evils. His aspiration was to cleanse the nation of corrupt behaviours, with particular emphasis on curbing black market operations – a form of illicit trade involving the unauthorized buying and selling of goods and services.
- Eroding nepotism and jobbery
Moreover, other main plagues, like corruption and bribery, were nepotism and jobbery in the country, increasing day by day, which shook the very basis of the country. For instance, the appointment of the then prime minister’s son-in-law, Raja Azeem-ul-Haq, as an Executive Director of the World Bank, according to a senior official, had been a glaring example of the very fact. However, Quaid advised taking steps against nepotism and jobbery to create opportunities for skilled and trained people to serve in the government.
- Strengthening the nation through cooperation and unity
Furthermore, he stressed the cooperation and unity among the diversified communities of different ethnic and religious backgrounds in the country. Therefore, the aim of Quaid was to unite all diversified communities under one roof and forget all the grievances, whether they aligned with the partition of Pakistan or not. For serving this purpose, he presented certain arguments in favour of the division and the dreadful consequences if the partition of the sub-continent had not taken place. For instance, in the sub-continent, there were Hindu-Muslim conflicts based on language and religion, which shows Hindus and Muslims could never become a single nation. Ostensibly, these conflicts still exist in society, serving as a bottleneck to the country’s progress. Thus, such kind of reminder was only to inculcate in them social and moral values, eroding all the ethnic and sectarian fights in society and putting the country on the track of unsurpassable development.
B- Points Pertaining to Political Fabric
- Promoting democratic norms
Examining the political situation in the new-born country, citizens were not getting equal rights and freedom of speech and expression. However, Quaid was a true democrat whose core purpose was the upbringing of a nation that could enjoy the freedom of speech and expression. As Quaid said in his speech, “You are free; you are free to go to your temples, you are free to go to your mosques or to any other places of worship in this State of Pakistan. You may belong to any religion, caste, or creed”. This quotation of Quaid is, no doubt, a clear manifestation of his democratic nature. Thus, he wanted to make Pakistan a democratic country where anyone could enjoy equal rights without any discrimination.
- Protecting the rights of minority
Next to it, Pakistan consists of many nations, where one is in the majority, and others are in the minority. Minorities in the new state were facing grim hurdles in getting their rights, as the elite class used to suppress them in the sub-continent. That is why he talked about the protection of minority rights in his speech. He said, “I am going to constitute myself the Protector-General of the Hindu minority in Pakistan”. Likewise, Islam also teaches the provision of equal rights to minorities. Therefore, it is vital to protect the rights of minorities for political stability in the country.
- Surmounting sectarian and ethnic conflicts between political parties
Another significant factor contributing to the prevailing political instability within the country was the divisive nature of sectarian and ethnic divisions, particularly within the realm of political parties. On the one hand, there existed tensions between the Shia and Sunni communities, while conflicts between Punjabi and Pathan groups were rooted in ethnic differences on the other hand. These multifaceted challenges compelled Quaid to formulate an approach that would foster harmony among all communities. In his address to the Constituent Assembly, he advocated for transcending ethnic and sectarian divides. Furthermore, he presented rational illustrations, highlighting that Hindus and Muslims could coexist as equal citizens within the nation if they dispel discriminatory attitudes and embrace a united national identity.
Upon a thorough analysis of the speech, it becomes evident that Quaid-I-Azam possessed a profound vision that encompassed a comprehensive strategy to address the myriad social and political challenges within the nascent state. Regrettably, Pakistan continues to grapple with the very issues that were prevalent at the time of its inception, primarily due to the government’s failure to faithfully enact Quaid’s visionary directives. The social landscape is marred by persistent ills, including corruption, bribery, nepotism, and favouritism. Similarly, the political sphere remains fraught with dangers such as sectarian and ethnic divisions among the populace, infringement upon minority rights, and the erosion of democratic principles. Yet merely skirting around these issues is not a viable solution; a more substantive approach involves delving beneath the surface to unearth the root causes. In this context, it is imperative to rekindle the essence of Quaid’s speech, disseminating it through media and educational institutions to propel the nation’s social, political, and economic progress.
To wrap up, taking into account the circumstances prevailing in the fledgling nation at the time, the revered leader delivered a speech aimed at remedying the prevailing social and political deficiencies. His paramount objective was to establish a nation that was characterized by tranquillity, prosperity, and democratic values, ensuring equitable rights for all, including minority populations. Furthermore, he envisioned a nation devoid of ethnic and sectarian strife. Thus, in his address, he ardently advocated for the equal status and liberties of every citizen, underscored the importance of safeguarding minority rights, and called upon all individuals to set aside sectarian discord, all in the pursuit of fostering peace and prosperity within the country.
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