Solved by Mutahar Iftikhar
PMS Solved Pakistan Affairs Past Paper 2020 | What are the main causes of the energy crisis in Pakistan? What measures do you suggest to address it? PMS 2020
The examiner has divided the question into two parts, so you must give relevant weightage to each part. It would be best to briefly account for unemployment and its determinants in Pakistan after introducing the subject matter. Then, elaborate on its significant social, political, and economic impacts one by one. Hereafter, you must incorporate your critical analysis before ending the question through a brief conclusion, simultaneously maintaining the coherence and relevance to the subject matter.
The answer is solved on the given pattern, which Sir Syed Kazim Ali teaches to his students, who consistently score the maximum because of their attempting the questions. The content is based on historical facts taught by Sir Rameez Ch.
Overpowering and overshadowing all other concerns Pakistan faces today, unemployment has become the most disturbing fact of the country. It has eroded the socio-economic fabric, leaving the country in social, political, and economic turmoil.
2- Current situation
- Above 6% unemployment rate
- About 7 million jobless youth
- Substantial brain drainage
- Absence of a counter plan
3- Determinants of unemployment
- Deteriorating quality of education
- Burgeoning population
- Ebbing aggregate growth rate
- Declining Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)
- Sky-rocketing inflation
4- Social impacts
- Swelling discrepancies with degradation of moral standards
- Increasing crime rate with severe social and psychological stress
5- Political impacts
- Hunger turning into anger with protests and armed violence
- Public discontentment and people-state gap
6- Economic impacts
- Waste of significant human capital
- Inconsiderate usage of the country’s natural resources
7- Critical Analysis
Answer to the Question
Unemployment has assumed the centre stage as the most crucial issue- overarching and, in some ways, overpowering all other concerns Pakistan faces today. The unemployment crisis has multiple roots in the country: burgeoning population, declining quality education, and ebbing growth rate. Moreover, it has large scale social, political, and economic consequences ranging from social discrepancies and psychological stress to increasing crime rate and armed violence. Unemployment has eroded the state’s socio-economic fabric, hurting the average individual impacting everyday life. Inauspiciously, in Pakistan, unemployment is rising, and its consequences are becoming more apparent steadily. The rise in suicide, crime rates, and violent protests- coupled with political indecisiveness and large-scale brain drainage- are some manifestations heralding the severity of the crisis. This answer elaborates the current unemployment situation in Pakistan and its major determinants, explaining its socio-economic and political impacts.
According to the Pakistan Bureau of Statistics (PBS), Pakistan’s unemployment rate is around 6%, and there are nearly 7 million young people with no way to earn a livelihood. The actual numbers may be even higher; that presents a gloomy picture of the country’s future. Due to various reasons, the government remains unable to create the desired number of jobs. Therefore, according to the Labour Force Survey of PBS, the employment generation rate has remained near 1.2 million jobs per annum. However, at the minimum, 2 million jobs per annum are needed to meet the demands of the unemployed youth of Pakistan.
It is challenging to point out a single source rather the widespread unemployment is the compounded outcome of the multiple factors: first, deteriorating quality of education in the country; next to it, exploding population; along with them, ebbing aggregate growth rate on micro and macro-economic level; moreover, declining foreign direct investments (FDIs); and, finally, sky-rocketing inflation pushing more and more people below the line of minimum subsistence. Moreover, it is debatable which factor contributes more towards the crisis; nevertheless, they all directly or indirectly impact the country’s unemployment scenario. Unfortunately, all the elements revealed above show negative progress in Pakistan, consequently pushing the country into the ever-expanding vortex of unemployment.
The impacts of widespread unemployment are rife in society. With decreasing opportunities for the educated young people to make their ends meet, a wave of hopelessness is creeping among them. With no apparent means to earn livelihood to run their homes, they are forced to spend their lives in abject poverty. Consequently, the disgruntled young people use unfair ways to feed the mouths dependent on them only because they are unable to find a decent job. Moreover, as it is aptly said, “A hungry man is a mad man; he does not see what is right and legal, rather what fulfils his and his family’s needs.” The moral, ethical values are the first victim of the unemployed, hungry man. In this way, social discrepancies lead to a heightened crime rate in the community, leaving a stressed, psychologically disturbed society. Hence, ongoing unemployment turns society upside down, destroying the very fundamentals of humanity.
Besides social impacts, the political effects of unemployment result in social unrest, violent protests, and public discontentment. Theoretically, a state is responsible for its people’s bread, residence, clothes, and security. When it fails to fulfil its duties of creating opportunities for the people to earn even the minimum subsistence, it leaves no reason for people to believe in the state. Accordingly, political unrest is followed by protests and armed violence, leaving the state political paralysis. Moreover, the increasing fissure between the public and the state makes the country more prone to fifth-generation warfare. Hence, a robust political environment in the country is highly dependent on the prosperity of its people.
The miserable state of the country’s economy is, directly or indirectly, linked to the unemployment crisis. The shortage of opportunities to earn livelihood for young people forms the air of hopelessness, forcing them to move to another place to find opportunities. This large-scale brain drain is the potential human capital loss for Pakistan. Besides, losing the best talents available in the country leaves it incapable of exploiting its natural resources in the most efficient way possible. For an illustration, the graduates with honorary degrees in Pakistan look abroad for a bright future; thus, the country needs to import expertise and technologies to run the country, indeed a dismal situation. Henceforward, a comprehensive plan must be put in place to provide emerging talents and ample opportunities to grow and prosper.
Food, clothing, and shelter are the necessities a person needs to live an honourable life. He works day and night tirelessly to get them, earning the amount he requires to satisfy his needs. If there is no place and no job for him to work, social, political, and economic anomalies find their place in the minds of the jobless. That inflicts high short-term and long-term costs on the country, slowly ripping its socio-economic fabric apart.
In a nutshell, the prevalent unemployment crisis in Pakistan has eroded the socio-economic fabric, leaving the country in social, political, and economic turmoil. With no emphasis on tackling its determinants, it is expected to worsen. For instance, poverty, crime rate, political crisis, and economic exploitation are dreadful manifestations of joblessness, resulting in the erosion of social harmony, loss of immense human capital, and destruction of political structures. Consequently, individual economic instability leads to a major debacle derailing the country of its path to peace and prosperity. Conversely, fixing the unemployment problem can have unimaginable benedictions for the country.
About Mutahar Iftikhar
Mutahar Iftikhar, a proud student of Sir Syed Kazim Ali, writes on a range of topics pertaining to competitive examinations and has also completed his creative writing course from Howfiv.
Other Questions Solved by Miss Saba Islam:
- Discuss the significance of renewable energy resources for Pakistan. (CSS 2021)
- Critically analyze the key causes of delaying in the construction of dams in Pakistan. Give some suggestions to revert this Collateral loss. (CSS 2019)
- What were the aims and objectives behind the creation of Pakistan?
Other Questions Solved by Miss Laraib Rafique Rai:
- The Objectives Resolution (1949) satisfied both orthodox and modernists by combining the features of western and Islamic democracy. (PMS 2020)
- Discuss the features of the political culture of Pakistan. CSS Pakistan Affairs Solved Paper 2020
- How Pakistan should combat the 5th generation war? (CSS 2021)
- How far the nature of the centre province relation has changed under various constitutional amendments? Evaluate. (CSS 2019)
Other Questions Solved by Miss Arooj Nadeem:
- How the reform movement of Sheikh Ahmed Sirhindi influenced the history of Muslim India? (CSS 2020)
- Critically examine the Congress Ministries of 1937. How far is it correct to suggest that it paved the way for a separate Muslim homeland in India? (CSS 2019)
- Write a note on the Two-Nation Theory and the Lahore Resolution of March 1940 (CSS 2016)
Other Questions Solved by Mutahar Iftikhar:
- Write a comprehensive note on unemployment in Pakistan: Social, political, and economic impacts. (CSS 2020)
- What are the main causes of the energy crisis in Pakistan? What measures do you suggest to address it? (PMS 2020)
Let’s read more about Sir Syed Kazim Ali.
- Top English Teachers for CSS and PMS in Pakistan
- One Man, One Idea, Years of Struggle, Millions of Students by DailyTimes
- The Best English Teacher for CSS / PMS by Sir Ali Raza
- The Best English Teacher in Pakistan, Who Has Helped Me Most
- Sir Syed Kazim Ali the best CSS English teacher in Pakistan by concernedreviews
- How to Qualify for the CSS Essay and How to Write it? | CSS Essay and Communication Skills.
Available Online Courses
- Howfiv’s One Paper Commission Exam Prep Course | 2-Month Course | Let’s Register Now
- Online CSS, PMS English Class by Sir Syed Kazim Ali | Let’s Read How to Join
- Howfiv Advanced Creative Writing Course (Highly Recommended)
- PMS English Essay, Precis and GK Class | 3-Month Course | Let’s Register Now
- Online English Tenses & Voices 1-Month Course
- PPSC Tehsildar and Naib Tehsildar Exams Preparation Course, Study Material, and Mock Tests
- Basic English Grammar & Writing Course by Miss Syeda Saba & Miss Amreen Mir