The Overpopulation Crisis in Pakistan: Impacts, Causes, and Suggestions

The Overpopulation Crisis in Pakistan: Impacts, Causes, and Suggestions

Pakistan faces a major socio-economic predicament due to a rapidly growing population caused by illiteracy, unemployment, patriarchal societal patterns, inept leadership, lack of proper awareness about birth control methods, etc. To circumscribe the overpopulation crisis prevalent in the country, pragmatic and result-driven designated steps ensuring improvement in the literacy rate, employment opportunities for youth, prohibition on child labour practices, efficient family planning programs, etc., are a must.


1. Introduction

Pakistan faces a major socio-economic predicament due to a rapidly growing population caused by illiteracy, unemployment, patriarchal societal patterns, inept leadership, lack of proper awareness about birth control methods, etc. To circumscribe the overpopulation crisis prevalent in the country, pragmatic and result-driven designated steps ensuring improvement in the literacy rate, employment opportunities for youth, prohibition on child labour practices, efficient family planning programs, etc., are a must. 

2. Current Situation

  • The current growth rate of the country is close to two per cent (2%)
  • Nearly sixty per cent of people are under the age of thirty
  • The population of the country is expected to rise to four hundred million by 2050

3. Impacts of the overpopulation crisis

  1. Lowering the living standard 
  2. Giving rise to unemployment
  3. Perpetuating the cycle of poverty
  4. Exhausting natural resources 
  5. Destroying country’s economy
  6. Increasing dependence on foreign aids
  7. The breeding dichotomy between classes
  8. Leading to degradation of the environment 
  9. The emerging water crisis in the country
  10.  Hindering agricultural development

4. Causes of the overpopulation crisis

  1. The poverty in the country
  2. High Illiteracy rate 
  3. A patriarchal society
  4. A lack of awareness regarding birth-control
  5. The high immigrant ratio in the country
  6. Unemployment and lack of recreational activities
  7. Conservatism and misinterpretation of religious principles 
  8. Technological advancements resulting in other related factors
  9. Polygamy 
  10. Government’s inefficient policies 

5. Suggestions to curb the overpopulation crisis

  1. To introduce effective family planning programs 
  2. To empower women through education
  3. To remove the barriers to birth-control
  4. To put restrictions on child marriages 
  5. To make improvements in the health sector
  6. To restraint child labour
  7. To focus on poverty reduction policies 
  8. To introduce a proper management system for immigrants and refugees
  9. To encourage the positive role of scholars to propagate the true teachings of Islam
  10.  To make contraception available and accessible for all

6. Critical Analysis
7. Conclusion


The persistent rise in population, undoubtedly posing a severe challenge to the country’s socio-economic development and advancement, has wreaked havoc on Pakistan’s economic stability and growth. The alarming increase in population causes a considerable strain on the existing resources of the economy. Being a developing country, Pakistan faces a significant social, political, and economic predicament due to the uncontrolled population growth rate. According to the current estimates, Pakistan is the fifth most populous country, with its population estimated at 220.9 million in 2020, pinpointing the fact that the population of the country has increased by more than six-fold since the first post-independence census held in 1951. Accordingly, the unchecked growth of the population needs drastic measures and actions to circumvent its unprecedented expansion. In Third World countries like Pakistan, overpopulation amplifies and afflicts profound suffering to the well-being of people. Therefore, addressing the issue of population explosion and tackling its resultant effects is the immense need of the hour.

The overpopulation crisis has led the country to the brink of an economic explosion. Unsurprisingly, the severity of the issue is taking its foothold with significant negative consequences. According to the recent report, the current growth rate of the population is close to two per cent (2%), making Pakistan have the highest birth rate in South Asia after India, i.e., twenty-two births per thousand people. In contrast, the death rate stands at 7.228 per 1000. According to the United Nations report, due to the high birth rate, its population is expected to rise to 400 million by 2050, doubling its current number. Ironically, the situation has constantly been pulling the country’s youth into the vortex of unemployment, as the people of Pakistan under the age of thirty are about 60 per cent (60%).

Although the repercussions of overpopulation have always been threatening for a developing country, the way the crisis has started impacting Pakistan is scarier. Following are the major impacts, highlighting the severity of the problem in the country. 

It is a fact that the standard of living is determined by the per capita income and the economic growth of a country. However, in the present world, the population explosion overpowers every other crisis, particularly in underdeveloped countries; in consequence, it gives rise to an increase in demands for basic provisions of life: food commodities, shelters, and clothes, etc. With the immense population growth, it becomes an arduous task for such a country to create equilibrium in society. Similarly, in Pakistan, an economically struggling nation, the crisis disturbs the standard of life by jolting the demand and supply mechanism. Grievously, the supply cannot be increased due to the lack of cooperating factors: skilled labour, job opportunities, good governance. Further, Pakistan, being an underdeveloped country, faces inflation, which, in turn, increases the cost of living of the people. As per statistics of Trading Economics Global Macro Models, the inflation rate in the country is expected to reach eight percent (8%) by the end of 2021. On the one hand, fewer resources, less drinking water, unmanaged urbanization, and unemployment provoke an increase in the cost of living; on the other hand, only a number of people can fulfil their needs to survive. Hence, population growth curtails the standard of living, but checking population growth can lead to a more balanced society. As aptly said by Dr Umbreen Javaid,

“Growing population size is decreasing the standard of living.”

Dr Umbreen Javaid

Moreover, overpopulation severely affects a country by destroying its socio-economic fabric. When an underdeveloped country fails to handle and manage the crises, it, ultimately, seeks help from other countries. Similarly, Pakistan has to depend upon foreign organizations to run its affairs. According to the State Bank of Pakistan, the country’s external debt has reached 116.3 billion (USD) in Mar 2021, an increase of nearly one percent from the previous year. Although the aid fills the investment gap and increases productivity, it is observed that foreign aid does not benefit the country significantly because it is apparent from the dreadful situation of communal sectors, including health care, employment, and education, etc. Moreover, the funding is not interest-free; therefore, it crushes the backbone of an already stagnant economy. Thus, from the above arguments, it can be said that the overpopulation crisis handicaps a country both economically and socially.

Besides that, high population growth seems to be a major contributor to the vicious cycle of poverty in developing economies. People are compelled to spend a significant portion of their income, whatever they earn, on the upbringing of their children. As a result, in Pakistan, savings and capital formation rates remain low, which gives rise to poverty. As per the World Bank estimates, based on the lower-middle-income poverty rate, Pakistan’s poverty rate is 39.3 percent in 2020-21 and is expected to be the same in 2021-22. Furthermore, the decrease in per capita income and increase in the overall price level result in a significant increase in the cost of living, encapsulating the country with poverty. Hence, to curb the menace of poverty, the government must take steps to make improvements in the agricultural and industrial sectors to reduce the shortage of essential commodities, improve the standard of living, and find solutions for mass unemployment. As Ishrat Hussain says,

“The rapid growth of the population is accounting for poverty.”

Ishrat Hussain

In addition, the overpopulation crisis in Pakistan is the root cause of the emerging water shortage in the country. The global water crisis report of the United Nations (UN) has placed Pakistan in the fourteenth position among the countries facing extreme water scarcity. Rising population, along with rapid urbanization and climate change, is the cause of the widening gap between water availability and water requirement. In addition, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) has placed Pakistan in the third position among the countries facing acute water shortages. Around 80 percent of the people living in 24 major cities of Pakistan do not have access to clean drinking water; in the slums of Karachi, 16 million do not have access to safe drinking water. Thus, the water crisis is a severe consequence of overpopulation in Pakistan, which is to put the country on the verge of an extremely disastrous situation.

Similarly, an explosion in population gives rise to the large number of people coming to the labour market; however, an economically struggling country cannot provide employment to all. As a matter of fact, despite all endeavours towards strategic developments, it is not feasible to employ everyone because the number of job seekers expands exponentially. Likewise, in Pakistan, disguised employment, unemployment, and underemployment are common elements overshadowing the country. As per Statista research, in September 2021, the national unemployment rate is projected at 4.8 percent, and the unemployment rate increases every day. Nearly seven hundred thousand people are unemployed. As a result, the alarming rate of unemployed men and women contributes to rising crimes and social unrest. Therefore, the government must devise policies and introduce a wide range of employment opportunities and, above all, manage the population explosion crisis efficaciously to get rid of the menace. As Andrés Velasco, correctly, states,

“An increase in the size of the population is giving rise to unemployment in a country.”

Andrés Velasco

Furthermore, the population explosion affects the per capita income of a country. The high growth rate lowers the per capita income; however, if it is up to the income optimizing level, it increases the same. Accordingly, the economic growth rises, if the rate of population growth is less than the per capita income of the country; whereas, when the population rate exceeds the level of economic growth, mostly observed in the developing nations, per capita income falls. In the same way, being a developing country, Pakistani society faces a downfall in the economy due to the population crisis. As per a research published in the Journal of Economics, a one percent increase in population degrades GDP by 0.33 percent. For instance, food scarcity, caused due to overpopulation and other factors, affects economic development in many aspects. To begin with, a lack of food leads to undernourishment, which reduces people’s productivity. Further, they are forced to import agricultural goods due to a lack of food, putting pressure on their foreign exchange reserves. Hence, the impacts of overpopulation are intertwined and correlated that can be minimized by good governance and pragmatic policies.

In addition, the unequal and unrestricted use of natural resources is another undesirable and detrimental effect of overpopulation. The planet’s capacity to produce raw materials is limited and finite, and the natural deficit, the utilization of resources at a higher rate than the planet’s ability to generate them, approaches earlier each year. Thus, Pakistan, along with other external and internal threats, encounters the shortage and depletion of natural resources. For example, water is a natural resource; however, due to the high population growth rate, only thirty-six percent of the population has access to safe water, a problem likely to get worse in the coming years, as per some authoritative reports. Therefore, the government of Pakistan must make and implement policies to manage resources and create a balance in society. John Muir, the Naturalist and Writer, says,

“Expanding the size of the population is depleting the natural deposits of the world.”

John Muir, the Naturalist and Writer

Likewise, in poorly developed countries, most of the people live in rural areas, and they rely on agriculture for their living. But when the rate of population increases, the land-man ratio is disturbed. Likewise, in Pakistan, the rural population is reported at 62.84 percent in 2020, according to the World Bank collection. Accordingly, when the number of masses increases, the per capita availability of land for cultivation declines. As a result, this leads to unemployment and underemployment in the agriculture sector. Moreover, when the population rises, the agricultural land is used to build and develop houses, factories, hospitals, educational institutions, and highways; consequently, the proportion of area available for farming reduces. Thus, the population growth, at an exponential rate, hampers agricultural development and creates many other problems.

Also, overpopulation breeds dichotomy and contempt between the rich and poor. In the world of hustle and competition, everyone desires to lead others and wishes to have a successful life. However, the growing population gives rise to the scarcity of resources, which, in turn, puts a burden on the country’s economy, and a sense of deprivation prevails in the minds of the poor. The non-fulfilment of basic needs propels the poor towards rebellion and criminal activities. Antagonism and conflict arise due to population rise and competition; individualism, the prevalence of self-centred goals and objectives, weakens the solidarity and harmony in society. Hence, one can say that the overpopulation crisis weakens the unity among the people of a nation. As Edward Abbey says,

“A crowded society is a restrictive society; an overcrowded society becomes an authoritarian, repressive and murderous society.”

Edward Abbey

Last but not least, the implication of overpopulation can also be seen in the environment. A colossal population affects the environment in two ways. First, the more the people, the rapid the consumption of natural resources, such as land, water, fossil fuels, and minerals; second, the swift the consumption, the more the waste produced, such as air and water pollutants, toxic industrial surplus, climate change, and the release of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. In other words, it can be stated that the population explosion in the country accounts for overconsumption of resources; in consequence, the depletion of natural assets takes place, which, in turn, is to degrade the environment by putting extreme strain on both the renewable and non-renewable deposits. As aptly said by Jacques Yves Cousteau,

“Population growth is the primary source of environmental damage.”

Jacques Yves Cousteau

There are many factors calling forth the population explosion in Pakistan. First, the role of illiteracy is the cardinal one in this regard. Unless the women are literate, no excessive child-birth control methods and policies can work out. Unfortunately, the education stats from the Economic Survey of Pakistan, conducted in 2017-2018, show that the literacy rate for women in the country is 48 percent, and, for men, it is 70 percent. Keeping in view the fact that education has strong links with the fertility rate of women, the situation becomes grave for the country. A well-educated, learned, informed woman is more receptive to family planning services and other birth control measures than an illiterate, unlearned, unaware woman. Thus, the poor state of women’s education in the country is one of the main culprits behind the high population growth rate. As perfectly said by Akbar Zaidi,

“Overlooking a woman’s education is giving rise to birth rates and population growth.”

Akbar Zaidi

Second, poverty is also a leading cause of overpopulation. According to the report launched by the Ministry of Planning, Development, and Reform, nearly thirty-nine percent of people of Pakistan live in multidimensional poverty, the deprivations people experience based on health, education, and standard of living, with FATA and Balochistan having the highest rates of poverty.

Due to the lack of resources and fundamental provisions of life, the poor aspire for more children than the rich because they consider them means of employment. Judith Blake elaborates the fact eloquently; she says: ‘Those in the lowest economic status group desire a large family. This is so because children are regarded as economic assets and security in old age, even though it will mean more mouths to be fed.’ Thus, due to the financial debacle, many families keep adding more children in order to have more helping hands to get them out of poverty. As it is aptly said by Dr Hafeez Pasha,

“Living in poverty is bringing up the overpopulation crisis in a country.”

Dr Hafeez Pasha

Third, the patriarchal society adds insult to injury. Although the country has progressed in nearly all fields, a lot of work still has to be done to break the shackles of patriarchy. In most parts of the country, men still dominate women. Ironically, women, who bear the brunt of childbirth, have no say in this regard; whereas, men, who do not even have to go through the cumbersome period of pre-and post-pregnancy, decide how many children they want. Moreover, the never-ending desire for maximum male children also results in excessive childbirths because girls are still not welcomed in many parts of the country. As Prof. Dr Amra Raza says,

“Controlling women and their environment is keeping birth rates high.”

Prof. Dr Amra Raza

Fourth, the lack of awareness about excessive childbirth prevention methods is another reason for the monster’s rapid propagation in the country. According to World Health Indicators 2015, Pakistan has a contraceptive use rate of thirty-five percent, the lowest among all its neighbouring countries. One of the principal reasons behind the low CPR is that there is a lot of ambiguity and misconception about contraceptive use and other modern birth control methods. Some people think such treatments make women infertile for good, and others believe these measures cause damage to the recipient. Due to the above-mentioned reasons, women hesitate to undergo any such procedures; as a result, the population growth rate continues to increase. As correctly said by Akbar Zaidi,

“Lacking guidance about birth control measures is calling forth human explosion.”

Akbar Zaidi

Fifth, immigration is also a glaring cause of overpopulation in Pakistan. According to UNHCR, the country, at present, hosts nearly 1.4 million registered Afghan refugees despite the tough socio-economic challenges it comes across, which adds up to the population of an already overpopulated country. As a result, the government remains unable to fulfil the necessities of people. In addition, most of the country’s funds are ploughed back to run the affairs of the state with a galloping population; in consequence, a little is left to be spent on its development. Because the country consumes more and saves less due to more people and scarce resources, improving the economy becomes a big hurdle for the government. As Ishrat Hussain, correctly, states,

“Adding up immigrants is fueling the high population growth rate.”

Ishrat Hussain

Sixth, conservatism and misinterpretation of religious principles give impetus to the population explosion in Pakistan. Dogmatic and narrow-minded mullahs consider birth control measures against the spirit of Islam. Although Islam is the only religion that has universality, and teachings of Islam are for the needs of people of all the times and places of the world, people tend to interpret Islamic doctrines according to their self-interests. People in Pakistan, especially males, vindicate multiple marriages as a right the religion (Islam) has given to them; however, they do not give ample consideration to the limitations Islam has set for them. Hence, it can be said that a lack of apt elucidation of religious teachings gives rise to the increasing population of the country.

Seventh, unemployment and lack of recreational activities in the country add fuel to the fire. Currently, the number of unemployed people in the country has reached about 6.65 million during the fiscal year 2020-21. Pakistan, being an underdeveloped country, does not have many resources to provide people with business and creative opportunities; impoverished people, deprived of their fundamental provisions of life, give birth to more children so that they can have more earning hands. With scarce resources, people live from hand to mouth. In such a situation where they are lacking their basic necessities, chances of any recreational or enjoyment activities are at a premium. They spend most of their time at home; their life partner is the only source of enjoyment for them. As a result of their companionship, the population growth of the country further increases. As Akbar Zaidi, correctly, says,

“If we have the problem of overpopulation and unemployment at the same time, then things do not add up.” 

Akbar Zaidi

Eighth, polygamy, having more than one wife at a time, contributes to exponential population growth. One of the commonly held beliefs among Muslims is that God has given the right of polygamy to men; moreover, polygamy is legally permissible in Pakistan, according to the family law of 1961, but it is restricted to some obligations and legal regulations. Pakistan’s family law requires written permission from the first wife to marry again; furthermore, Islam allows multiple marriages to men only if they can be just to each of the women in their partnership. However, many men overlook these obligations, and many women are unaware of their fundamental legal rights. Besides this, polygamists, especially the religious ones, take pride in having a large family; consequently, the prevalent culture of multiple marriages causes an increase in the birth rate and plays a crucial role in population growth in Pakistan. 

Ninth, technological advances, enhancing the efficiency of the health sector, have further aggravated the situation. Medical facilities have resulted in an increase in birth rates, coupled with a decline in the death ratio. Besides this, the fertility of women is improved, and the infant mortality rate is reduced; consequently, the number of children born per day surpasses the number of children who die, which further puts a burden on the already exponentially rising population. According to the Pakistan Bureau of Statistics, the number of births per day in Pakistan is nearly sixteen thousand, while the number of deaths per day is approximately four thousand; as a result, a huge difference in population occurs with each passing day. Moreover, there is an exponential growth in life expectancy of both men and women, increasing from 58.54 in 1985 to 67.24 in 2019, according to World Bank reports. Besides this, progress in the field of medical sciences has improved the fertility rate of women, which supports high birth rates. Hence, it can be said that technological innovations have played a crucial role in the rapid growth of the population.

Last, the government’s inefficiency and exiguous policy measures are also the sources of the population explosion in the country. No efficacious steps have been taken by the government to curb the increasing population growth rate in the country. Censuses are conducted after a very long time, showing the neglectful attitude of the authorities towards the crisis. Moreover, no implementation of effective policies to hold back the exponential population growth and create consciousness among the general public exist in the country. Resultantly, Pakistan’s population, nearly 220 million at present, is likely to increase to 245 million by 2030. Pope Benedict XVI says,

“Every state has the primary duty to protect its own population from grave and sustained violations of human rights, as well as, from the consequences of humanitarian crises, whether natural or man-made.” 

Pope Benedict XVI

As every problem has some solutions, the crisis of population explosion can be circumscribed through efficacious measures. First and foremost, there is a need for an efficient family planning program. One of the cardinal reasons for the failure of the government to reduce the fertility rate in Pakistan has been the lack of an inclusive family planning program. The program should not merely focus on birth control, but it must include planning to improve access to contraceptives and other supplies. In this regard, Pakistan should follow the example of Iran, which, during the 1980s, has provided the supplies and counselling at the doorsteps of people and has effectively reduced its fertility rate from 5 births per woman in the 1980s to 2 in the 1990s. In this way, Pakistan can also make its family planning program more effective.

Moreover, empowering women through education and employment can act as a catalyst in reducing the fertility rate in Pakistan. Illiterate and financially dependent women are unlikely to make decisions for the life of their own or their children. It has been proved through studies that women’s literacy rate is inversely related to their fertility rate. Educated women want fewer children. Moreover, awareness brought by education also decreases the preference for the male child, further diminishing a cause of the increasing population. Therefore, the government of Pakistan should take serious measures for improving female literacy by removing the physical and financial barriers to their access to education. Special focus must be given to the inclusion of more women in the workforce. Hence, empowered women are to bring the desired change in Pakistan. Bill Gates, perfectly, says,

“By improving health, empowering women, population growth comes down.”

Bill Gates

Similarly, the usage of modern contraceptives is the dire need to control overpopulation. Contraceptives should be cheap and in reach of all and sundry. They should be available even in remote areas. North America is the only continent where the pill is subsidized everywhere. Despite a financial crisis and a sharp increase in contraceptive prices between 1998 and 2008, Indonesian birth control use rates remained stable. Comparative studies of six African countries stated that the abortion rate increased when access to contraceptives decreased. Therefore, the government should minimize the price of contraceptives so that excessive childbirth in the country can be controlled.

Besides that, practical steps should be taken to remove the social, cultural, and normative barriers to birth control. Most people in Pakistan are reluctant to go for family planning due to their rigid norms and religious beliefs. Acceptance of family planning is a psychological factor that must be dealt with in a similar manner. The awareness programs must include male participation in counselling teams with a focus on changing the mentality that prevents women from birth control. The counselling can also help reduce the fear of side effects by providing people general awareness about their use and effects. Moreover, religious literature can also contribute to changing the beliefs of the people. Special fatwas by ulema in favour of family planning is to help in reducing the misconceptions about family planning. As it is aptly said, “The change in mindset is a prerequisite for social development.”

Adding more to it, well-educated and erudite scholars can help eliminate the menace of overpopulation. As scholars have thousands of followers, they can rightly expose those so-called mullahs who misguide people by misinterpreting religious teachings and consider family planning an illegal practice. Having a conservative approach towards life, they ask people to avoid birth control practices. They openly declare that the usage of contraceptives is against Islam. Unfortunately, they have forgotten that Islam embraces change, and the doors of Ijtihad are always open in Islam. Therefore, scholars should play their part in propagating the right teachings of Islam.

Another way the population explosion in the country can be circumscribed is through restrictions on child marriages. Surprisingly, early marriage is not just prevalent in Pakistan; it affects millions of children globally. As per the latest UNICEF report, nearly twenty-one percent (21%) of women have been married before the age of eighteen, and around twelve million girls aged under eighteen become child brides each year. In addition to other implications of child marriage, early pregnancy is one of the most critical and harsh repercussions of the ill practice. Therefore, strict implementation of laws prohibiting marriage before eighteen is mandatory because to stop children from becoming victims of forced marriages is to curb the overpopulation crisis. Naeem Mirza, a women’s rights campaigner, says,

“To stop child marriages is to stop a country plunging into a population explosion crisis.”

Naeem Mirza, a women’s rights campaigner

In the long run, poverty reduction must be a focus of the policymakers. A reduction in poverty is to reduce the population growth rate. According to studies, the living standard of people has an inverse relationship with the size of their families. People having a satisfactory living standard are likely to be more concerned about their future and have a planned family. On the other hand, poor people who struggle to put food on the table do not care about family planning. Therefore, the government must plan both long and short-term poverty reduction strategies with a special focus on those living below the poverty line. 

Furthermore, almost everyone is aware that child labour practices are widespread in the country, and such activities give impetus to the high population growth rate. According to Pakistan’s National Child Labour Survey (1996), among the 40 million children aged between five to fifteen years, about 3.3 million are involved in economic activity. More often than not, poor parents add more members to their family because they believe their children can help them get out of poverty. Such children are never sent to schools, and their childhood is spent making ends meet. Therefore, in order to blow over the overpopulation crisis, restrictions must be imposed on child work. If the government takes strict action against those who employ children, it can save the future of many children and control the high population growth rate issue as well. Dr Umbreen Javaid aptly says,

“To discourage child labour is to bring down the high birth rate.”

Dr Umbreen Javaid

Likewise, immigrants and refugees contribute to the population growth of a country. They not only occupy the land but also utilize resources, seek jobs, and become a part of a country. Correspondingly, Pakistan has hosted one of the world’s largest refugee populations since 1980. According to the Migration Data Portal, Pakistan has the world’s fifth-largest refugee population, with over two million registered refugees. Hence, to limit the crisis, the government must formulate inept policies and introduce a proper management system for people gaining shelter in the country. As David R. Brower says,

“Overpopulation is perhaps the biggest problem facing us, and immigration is part of that problem. It has to be addressed.”

David R. Brower

Also, overpopulation leads to more exposure and communication between humans and elevates hunger and undernourishment. Moreover, the young, elderly, and reproductive age population need specialized health care. Being a developing country, Pakistan is currently in a phase where the absolute numbers in each age category make providing healthcare a daunting task. There are facilities focusing on the health needs of mother and child, but not a single facility exists in the country that offers specialized geriatric care. Moreover, evidence suggests that taking care of maternal-child health is to have a direct effect on lowering fertility rates. Therefore, improving health services for all, especially children, the elderly, and women of reproductive age, can help create a better environment. As it is aptly said by Albert Einstein,

“Overpopulation in various countries has become a serious threat to the health of people and a grave obstacle to any attempt to organize peace on this planet.”

Albert Einstein

Undoubtedly, the rapid rise in the population has become a daunting challenge for the economy of Pakistan. It is a matter of fact the government has turned a blind eye to address the severity of the issue. Unfortunately, Pakistan is one of the oldest countries that has not made any substantial progress in addressing the issue of high population growth. Failure on the part of the government to implement population planning policies is a major reason leading to unchecked population growth. Knowingly, Pakistan always remains the most vulnerable when it comes to the implementation of the policy process. Thus, the consistent rise of the population of Pakistan is nothing short of a ticking bomb engulfing the whole country. 

In a nutshell, the alarming rise in population is a significant concern that must be addressed immediately. Pakistan is home to dynamic and diverse people residing across different societies. In this regard, rational and pragmatic actions are needed to slow down its growth. In this instance, Pakistan’s crucial challenge is how effectively it can formulate and implement policies to mitigate the unlikely effects of overpopulation. A government has a pivotal role to play in subsiding the threat of it. Undoubtedly, a successful population control policy can be conducive to dealing with the population explosion in the country. The result of such policy, in turn, leads to better employment opportunities, economic stability, improved security, which contributes to the growth and prosperity of the nation.

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