Climate Change and its Impacts on Pakistan | Opinion


Written by Anum Saba

The best opinion on the topic “Climate Change and its Impacts on Pakistan” by Anam Saba – student of Sir Syed Kazim Ali.

Climate change, an increase in the earth’s temperature, has created havoc globally. Nothing hurts humans and their environment the way it does. It has resulted in temperature rise, heat strokes, floods, and economic loss worldwide, and Pakistan is no exception. To begin with, Pakistan is ranked 16th on the Climate Change Vulnerability Index. Because of it, Pakistan has witnessed an increase of 0.5 °C in the temperature of the coastal areas. As a result, the country recorded 53.5 °C in 2010 in Mohenjo Daro, the highest temperature in Asia and the 4th highest temperature ever recorded globally. Heatstroke has started hitting the thickly populated cities of Pakistan, such as Karachi and Lahore, in June and July. For instance, 64 people were killed by heatstroke in 2018 in Karachi alone. In addition to this, climate change causes hydrological imbalance and melting of glaciers, which results in floods. As a result, Pakistan has seen floods almost every year. The most devastating was the floods of 2010, which displaced 20 million people and destroyed 1.89 million homes. Last but not least, the continuous spell of floods and droughts causes economic losses. The effect of climate change has cost the country 14 billion dollars in 2010, which was 5% of then GDP. The already severe drop in the crops was worsened by pre_monsoon rainfall and hailing in March and April. Although climate change is a great challenge for the world, it could be tackled by reducing fossil fuels, avoiding deforestation, and planting more trees.

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