The following article, “One who Opens a School Door Closes a Prison.”, is written by Baber Ali, a student of Sir Syed Kazim Ali. Moreover, the article is written on the same pattern, taught by Sir to his students, scoring the highest marks in compulsory subjects for years. Sir Kazim has uploaded his students’ solved past paper questions so other thousands of aspirants can understand how to crack a topic or question, how to write relevantly, what coherence is, and how to include and connect ideas, opinions, and suggestions to score the maximum.
Education is an investment in human capital. It upgrades moral values and is the most influential driver of economic growth and societal prosperity. Schooling not only imparts skills and knowledge but also provides a base on which the human persona is built, cognitive learning is moulded, and judgment about right and wrong is constructed.
2- Decrypting the statement “He who opens a school door, closes a prison.”
3- Why is school induction imperative to close the door of prison?
- ✓Preventing Juvenile delinquency
- Evidence: Richard Cloward and Lloyd Ohlin’s theory of Differential Opportunity explains the unfortunate fate of a child when he is unable to secure success through a legitimate source.
- ✓Providing constructive stimulus
- Evidence: An optimistic affirmation at school provides cognitive factors that influence human behaviour, a concept perceived by Albert Bandura.
- ✓Raising productivity and shutting down the misery of society
- Evidence: According to the Global Partnership for Education (GPE), “Education is a powerful agent of change, mends health and livelihoods, subsidizes social stability, and drives long-term economic progression.”
- ✓Building a legally responsible nation
- Evidence: The General Assembly of the United Nations emphasizes the dissemination of information through education aimed at building tolerance among various social classes, religions, and genders.
3- How does a state work to facilitate its youth?
- ✓The “Parens patriae” model
- ✓The Case study of Iran
4- Critical analysis
Answer to the Question
Education is an investment in human capital. It upgrades moral values and is the most influential driver of economic growth and societal prosperity. Schooling not only imparts skills and knowledge but also provides the base on which the human persona is built, cognitive learning is moulded, and judgment about right and wrong is constructed. In addition, education opens doors to the legitimate method of attaining one’s goals and desires and lessens the crime rate, ultimately exalting a society’s amity and richness parameters. The example of Finland is enough to understand the inverse relation between literacy rate and the degree of crime and violence. As Finland possesses a 100 per cent education rate while securing the 13th position in the ranking of peaceful nations by the Global Peace Index (GPI). Moreover, it is education that promotes interfaith harmony, accepts the dignity of many classes of society, respects gender roles, and thus creates an ambience of harmonious coexistence of many sub-cultures and religions. Contrarily, the untamed behaviour and unrefined characteristics of an illiterate person stain the moral values of a society and construct irrational reasons and choices, eventually increasing perpetrations and jeopardizing societal balance. This essay sheds light on why education is necessary for the peace and progress of a nation and how a state plays its role in producing a stable society.
“Education is the most powerful weapon you can use to change the world.” Nelson Mandela
Decrypting the statement, “He who opens a school door closes a prison.”
Education is the most fundamental criterion for developing human character, the door to a prison of ignorance. Victor Hugo says, “It is imperative to adapt to society’s ethics through learning, and when this is achieved, as a consequence, there will be no need to become an offender.” An educated individual is aware of genuine means to pursue his objectives; he respects others’ views and the sanctity of their lives and properties and abides by the moral attributes of society. In divergence from literate beings, illiterate people have personality defaults or lack motivation. Eventually, they drift towards criminality and, instead of becoming an asset, become an economic burden for their states.
Why is school induction imperative to close the door of prison?
Preventing Juvenile delinquency
It is pertinent to throw light on the importance of education in curtailing crime rates in society. Education develops a sense of morality, which causes a child to become rational while indulging in the wrong business, choosing a bad company, and picking false routes to access something or benevolence. For example, Richard Cloward and Lloyd Ohlin’s theory of Differential Opportunity explains the unfortunate fate of an out-of-school child when he cannot secure success through a legitimate source. He become a delinquent or joins a hooligan group to achieve power and resources. So, a person or a child with no education is paralyzed to attain things or money through lawful sources, and in due course, he adopts fallacious means to secure his desires and becomes a criminal.
Providing constructive stimulus
Additionally, providing positive and constructive stimulus, making a child an accountable person, and developing cognitive factors to remain aloof from prohibited activities are the functions served by education. Albert Bandura emphasized the significance of learning through perceiving, interacting, and impersonating the conduct, attitudes, and emotional responses of others. To simplify, it is human nature to learn from its surroundings; accordingly, a school consisting of specific settings, being provided with socially and legally defined curricula, and having students from different classes of society offers a positive environment where the child learns to impersonate the best of mores, developing a personality that is functionally benevolent to himself and his surroundings. One of the first steps on the civic journey is the education system. Education should help young people become active citizens once they understand their role within society and how t
To improve productivity and shut down the misery of society.
Moreover, a school not only imparts knowledge and ethics but also enables a child to learn skills and follow a syllabus that helps him to pursue a career. An education system empowers students to earn respectability and avoid illegal tracks to attain money; therefore, schooling is imperative in the economic acclivity of a country. For instance, the Global Partnership for Education (GPE) states, “Education is a powerful agent of change, and mends health and livelihoods, contributes to social solidarity and drives long-term economic development.” Through learning, a person can accomplish prestige for himself and his nation, become a tax-paying citizen, work to reduce poverty, transfer knowledge to others, and above all, restrain himself from illegitimate economic business from the root level to the top hierarchy of society.
Building a legally responsible nation
Besides disseminating behavioural awareness, education is a legacy that transmits into society and generations. Education serves as the building block for a nation. The impression of developing a child’s literacy skills is profound. If all students in low-income countries gain elementary learning skills in school, then a country could be lifted out of poverty. To illustrate, Singapore was once a slum country. Still, today, it is the best model of how education plays a dynamic part in the progress and elevating of a nation economically and morally. Education rehabilitates social malfunctions and deviant behaviours, produces human capital, and generates a responsible nation that burges a state’s economy. It also builds a long road to morally upright and patriotic descendants.
Defending the universal culture of human rights
Furthermore, primary to high school education leads to paramount benefits. For example, it helps to respect the gender roles in social and civic life, enables a child to apprehend others’ viewpoints, revere his boundaries in personal matters, and become a part of social solidarity in a cross-cultural and multi-religious society. For example, the General Assembly of the United Nations declared the United Nations Decade of Human Rights Education (1995-2004), and it urged all UN member states to promote training to disseminate information through education aimed at building a universal culture of human rights. So, it is education that reduces violence and discrimination on the basis of gender, ethnicity, caste, class, and religion, and it promotes affability in a state.
How does a state work to facilitate its youth?
The “Parens patriae” model
A state has its due share in raising a child, and it imparts necessary education to all its citizens. To understand it profoundly, the term “Parens Patriae” originated from ancient England, which means “the role of a state is like a compassionate father who legally protects his people, particularly adolescents.” In modern states, this concept has become part of the statute, providing obligatory asylum, food, and education to its masses. Furthermore, regarding Pakistan, article 25(a) of the constitution aims to provide free education to all children aged 5 to 16. Hence, the state must protect its youth from illegitimate conduct and make them liable citizens.
The Case Study of Iran
The case of Iran is enough to propagate the importance of schools in controlling crimes and instability. Iran, being the host of the second largest refugee population in the world, has a bright antiquity of providing access to education to its refugees. In collaboration with the United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR), Iran co-funds the construction of schools in refugee-populated zones. For example, UNHCR has reinforced the construction of 53 schools in Iran; thus, along with imparting education to Iranian students, these schools are educating undocumented Iraqi and Afghan children. According to the Ministry of Education Iran, it has constructed plentiful elementary schools and enrolled 500,080 Afghan and Iraqi refugee children in primary and secondary schools in 2021, including 185,000 undocumented children. These schools are increasing the literacy rate of young expatriates and humanizing their violent thoughts. As a result, Iran has strengthened the country’s stability by reshaping the vehement minds into peaceful intellects.
Critically, primary education is a desideratum to tame the wild nature of humans. In the contemporary period of excessive materialist competition, the curtailment of increasing crime rate and constant damage to human psychology is second to none, and education acts as a panacea. The benevolence of learning helps societies flourish in primary, secondary, and tertiary socialization and defuse extremist mindsets. Further, a school environment encodes a child’s behaviour, provides a pleasant model that the child observes and imitates, and finally, exhibits a tolerant nature towards others, and later could use lawful routes to boost his career and remunerations. However, the availability of schooling and execution of its core values varies from society to society. Accordingly, the stability of a state and its perpetration ratio fluctuates.
In conclusion, education is a powerful driver for a state’s structural and functional development. One strongest impetuss is to amend human behaviour and teach morals and social responsibilities. Education also plays a crucial role in a state’s technological and economic progress that uplifts the poverty rate, the primary stimulus behind criminalities. Moreover, it provides insight to a child on attaining his requirements legally, acting ethically, keeping his distance from delinquencies, and respecting others’ opinions. However, its absence causes damage to societal fabric, increases statutory offence, and ultimately endangers a state’s economic expansion and stability. Moreover, it is the government’s responsibility to deliver primary education to its youth, preventing adolescents from becoming a part of or tool for illegal activities.
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