CSS and PMS Solved Essays | Human Development and Economic Sustainability Go Hand in Hand
Aamir Sohail, a Sir Syed Kazim Ali student, has attempted the CSS essay “Human Development and Economic Sustainability Go Hand in Hand” on the given pattern, which Sir Syed Kazim Ali teaches his students. Sir Syed Kazim Ali has been Pakistan’s top English writing and CSS, PMS essay and precis coach with the highest success rate of his students. The essay is uploaded to help other competitive aspirants learn and practice essay writing techniques and patterns to qualify for the essay paper.
- ✓While human development leads to investment in education, health, and well-being of individuals, economic sustainability ensures adequate resource management, promoting a nation’s environmentally responsible and inclusive development.
2- Debunking the terms: human development and economic sustainability
3- Understanding the relationship between human development and economic sustainability
4- How do human development and economic sustainability always go hand in hand?
- ✓Educated citizens fostering innovations in society
- ✓Human development augmenting the governance system in a country
- ✓Educated citizens promoting a gender-inclusive society
- ✓Healthy individuals boasting productivity and entrepreneurship initiatives
- ✓Sound economic policies raising people’s living standards
- ✓Continuity of economic policies leading towards long-term growth
- ✓Economic sustainability promoting social equity in a country
- ✓Adequately planned economic policies minimizing negative environmental aspects
5- Challenges in the way of human development and economic sustainability
- ✓Rampant poverty
- ✓Chronic political instability
- ✓The exclusive economy empowering the elite
6- Recommendations to overcome the challenges to promote human development and economic sustainability
- ✓To eradicate poverty
- ✓To ensure political stability
- ✓To promote an inclusive economy
No nation can rise to glory today without a well-developed human capital contributing to national growth. Investment in education, health, and human well-being yields massive returns for a nation. Well-developed individuals lead towards economic sustainability in a country as individuals promote inclusive economic growth that leads towards an equitable society. For instance, the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Scandinavian countries have achieved remarkable economic growth by harnessing investment in human development. Therefore, human development and economic sustainability always go hand in hand. Human development fosters innovation, augments the governance system, and promotes a gender-inclusive society. On the other hand, economic sustainability raises people’s living standards, ensures long-term growth, and leads to an inclusive economy in a country. However, human development and economic sustainability are marred with challenges like poverty, political instability, and an exclusive economy. Nonetheless, a country can achieve a prosperous and equitable future by eradicating poverty, ensuring political stability, and promoting an inclusive economy. Although human development transforms a nation’s education and health sector, economic sustainability leads towards a nation’s inclusive and long-term growth.
Before proceeding further, it is imperative to understand human development and economic sustainability. First, human development expands human capabilities and enhances their well-being. It is not just about economic growth but the broader aspects such as education, health, and socio-political development. The United Nations Development Programme measures human development using the Human Development Index; it combines education, health expectancy, and per capita income indicators to provide a comprehensive picture of a country’s development. Second, economic sustainability is the long-term economic development of a nation without depleting its natural resources. It refers to socially and environmentally responsible growth. It ensures that resources are utilized adequately, considering the demands of the future generation. Economic sustainability promotes social equity so that the benefits of growth are distributed amongst all in society. It combines economic development, social equity, and environmental responsibility to build a resilient economy that paves the way towards prosperity.
Human development and economic sustainability are intertwined concepts, and the relationship between the two is mutually reinforcing. First, economic sustainability leads to investment in health, education, and the general well-being of individuals, which leads to human development in a country. Improving education standards fosters innovation and creativity in society, ultimately leading towards prosperity in the country. In addition, a healthy populace leads to greater participation in economic processes, thereby enhancing productivity and entrepreneurship activities in a country, essential for long-term economic growth. Similarly, economic growth can foster technological innovations in a country, developing new products that benefit a country’s citizens. By investing in education, health, and social well-being, individuals and societies can be empowered to contribute towards national development equitably and responsibly. The paragraphs below discuss how human development and economic sustainability always go hand in hand.
First, educated citizens foster innovations in society. Education leads to creativity, critical thinking, collaboration, and adopting new ways of analyzing things. The inventions and scientific breakthroughs have only been possible due to continuous learning and the challenge of rigid assumptions. For instance, the recent technological transformation and Artificial Intelligence developments have occurred due to learning advancements in technology and computer science. Scientists and researchers collaborate to challenge their assumptions and ideas. By exposing themselves to diverse perspectives, they have understood and developed cutting-edge technologies that have transformed the world. Hence, education plays a critical role in fostering innovations in society.
Second, well-learned individuals augment the governance system in a country. They bring new perspectives to the government, understand complex issues, engage with the civic community, and promote accountability measures in a country. This is best illustrated by the example of Nelson Mandela, whose education and experience as a lawyer and activist helped South Africa’s transition towards a democratic society. Nelson Mandela’s expertise enabled him to understand the intricate issues facing South Africa and to plan the way forward towards an equal society. Education enables individuals to engage more closely with the local community to understand their problems and devise innovative solutions to promote societal development. Hence, well-learned individuals augment the governance system in a country.
In addition, human development promotes a gender-inclusive society. By investing in health, education, and economic opportunities for women, a country can promote a gender-inclusive society that is prosperous and sustainable. For instance, Nordic countries, being at the forefront of gender equality policies, have achieved high levels of gender equality and social well-being. Investment in education empowers women to understand the gender issues prevalent in society and make informed decisions about their lives. At the same time, improvements in health standards can enable them to participate and engage more effectively in economic and civic activities. Indeed, women can gain financial independence if provided with adequate employment opportunities. Therefore, human development paves the way for an inclusive society.
Furthermore, healthy individuals boast productivity and are more likely to engage in entrepreneurial initiatives. Good health leads to the well-being of individuals and contributes towards increased productivity and creativity in individuals. Healthy individuals are more likely to engage in lifelong learning and upskilling, significantly boosting their employability chances. To illustrate, Silicon Valley, known for its thriving tech industry, strongly emphasizes health as companies offer programs that aim to improve their employees’ physical and mental health. This focus on employees’ well-being has led to increased innovations and technological breakthroughs unmatched elsewhere in the contemporary world. Thus, sound health is essential for the economic development of a country.
In addition, sound economic policies raise people’s living standards and lead towards human development in a country. These lead to price stability, employment opportunities, and sustainable growth, which are essential for the prosperity of a nation. For example, China’s economic reforms aimed at deregulation and liberalization in the 1970s and 1980s led to economic growth and significantly improved people’s living standards. Sound economic policies initiated in China promoted investment in human capital, which led to a skilled labour force. The trained labour force can demand higher wages due to enhanced skill levels and productivity, contributing to higher living standards. Hence, sound economic policies are essential for raising people’s living standards.
Moreover, continuity of economic policies leads towards long-term growth in a country. While discontinuity of policies creates an environment of uncertainty and hinders investment, consistent and predictable economic policies foster growth by attracting investment from both domestic and foreign investors, thereby leading to increased production and employment opportunities. A recent study by the World Bank found that countries with more stable macroeconomic policies tended to experience higher economic growth rates over the long term. This is because investors demand assurance that their capital shall yield attractive returns, which, in fact, is only possible because of consistent and transparent policies. Therefore, economic policy continuity is necessary for sustainable economic development in a country.
Similarly, economic sustainability promotes social equity in a country. It leads to a prosperous and equitable society by distributing the benefits of economic growth and limiting the exclusive economy. This is best illustrated by the Norway Sovereign Wealth Fund, which invests in the global financial market. The proceeds from the fund are used to support social programs, such as education and healthcare. This has helped to ensure that all Norwegians benefit from the country’s natural resource wealth, avoiding the elite control over the proceeds. When an economy is sustainable, it encourages all citizens to participate in economic processes, which reduces income inequality and promotes social equity. Therefore, sustainable economic growth promotes social equity in society.
Last but not least, economic sustainability minimizes negative environmental aspects. It leads to effective resource utilization and investment in environmentally friendly technologies and promotes sustainable infrastructural development. For instance, Germany has implemented various policies to promote a circular economy, emphasizing reducing waste, reusing materials, and recycling products. This has led to a decrease in resource consumption and environmental impact. Economic sustainability promotes responsible investment and resource management without depleting the resources for future generations. By introducing environment-sensitive policies and regulations to promote economic growth, a country can minimize the adverse environmental impacts and build towards a prosperous future.
The benefits of human development and economic sustainability are constrained by a few challenges that are discussed next. First, rampant poverty is a major challenge in human development and economic sustainability. It has debilitated socio-economic development due to its far-reaching consequences. Poverty has thwarted human development by meagre investment in human development sectors such as health and education. Illiterate, impoverished, and unhealthy individuals are unable to contribute towards national development and have indeed become a liability for their countries. Similarly, poverty has impacted economic sustainability as low-income groups cannot attain quality education, thereby limiting their employability chances and productivity. It also adversely affects economic sustainability as a state has to redirect critical national resources to provide safety nets to its impoverished people. Hence, poverty has presented complex challenges for sustainable development.
Moreover, chronic political instability is also a major impediment to human development and economic sustainability. Political stability promotes investment in human development by introducing measures to enhance literacy rates, improve health standards, and promote gender equality. It is also essential for sustainable economic development, as it creates an environment of certainty by ensuring the continuity of policies. However, on the other hand, political instability shifts the focus from human development and economic growth to short-term measures to address political crises. It creates an environment of uncertainty and mistrust, discouraging investment, hindering economic growth, and exacerbating poverty. Therefore, chronic political instability has adversely affected human development and economic sustainability.
In addition, the elite’s capture of the exclusive economy has constrained human development and economic sustainability. When a small group of people controls a disproportionate share of resources, it can negatively impact society. The concentration of wealth in a few hands can limit investments in education, health, and well-being of individuals, hindering overall human development in a country. Similarly, when wealth is concentrated in the hands of narrow elites, they fail to allocate resources efficiently, leading towards stagnation and low economic growth for a country. The elite prioritizes their interests at the cost of the general public, thereby hindering growth and employment opportunities in a country. Hence, the elite control of the exclusive economy has limited human development and economic sustainability.
Human development and economic sustainability challenges could be overcome if a country introduces some effective measures. First, the menace of poverty needs to be eradicated to reap the benefits. A country can build a trained workforce to earn a livelihood by investing in education and skills development. A country can also eradicate poverty by introducing social safety nets, providing employment opportunities, and enhancing industrialization. Second, political stability is inevitable for human development and economic sustainability. A country shall promote the rule of law and strengthen its democratic institutions, paving the way towards inclusive political participation. Prompting dialogue, conflict resolution, and peaceful transitions of powers can address political instability in a country. Last but not least, a country shall promote an inclusive economy for human development and economic sustainability. A country shall challenge the elite capture of the economy by introducing effective tax reforms and regulations aimed at reducing income inequality. Greater accountability mechanisms, entrepreneurship activities, and economic diversification can also pave the way towards an inclusive economy, which is essential for sustainable economic development. Therefore, the evils of poverty, political instability, and exclusive economy must be tamed to pave the way towards the overall development of society.
To conclude, while human development leads to encompassing strides in education, health, and socio-political well-being of individuals, economic sustainability paves the way towards long-term economic growth, paying heed to social equity and environmentally responsible growth. Thus, both always go hand in hand. It is beyond any doubt that a nation cannot progress by focusing solely either on human development or economic sustainability as both are sine quo non in nature. Therefore, a country must make parallel human development and economic sustainability strides. While educated citizens can foster innovations and creativity in society, a healthy populace contributes to a country’s economic progress. Similarly, economic sustainability ensures long-term sustainable growth and creates an inclusive economy. It promotes an equitable society and makes environmentally conscious decisions, saving scarce resources for future generations. However, the benefits of human development and economic sustainability are marred with grave issues such as poverty, political instability, and an exclusive economy. Still, effective measures against these challenges on the part of the government could pave the way towards a prosperous and sustainable future.
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