Have Human Inventions Moved The Societies Backward?

Have Human Inventions Moved The Societies Backward? by Anum Saba

Have Human Inventions Moved The Societies Backward? | Daily Writeup | Opinions

The following article, Have Human Inventions Moved The Societies Backward?, is written by Anum Saba, a student of Sir Syed Kazim Ali. Moreover, the article is written on the same pattern, taught by Sir to his students, scoring the highest marks in compulsory subjects for years. Sir Kazim has uploaded his students’ solved past paper questions so other thousands of aspirants can understand how to crack a topic or question, how to write relevantly, what coherence is, and how to include and connect ideas, opinions, and suggestions to score the maximum.

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One of the core instincts of human nature is the curiosity to explore, examine, and experience new things in life. Under that, humans have encountered millions of inventions from ancient to contemporary civilizations. However, human inventions have unfolded as a double-edged sword for societies across the globe. Although human inventions have remained an epitome of innovation and progress in the world to date, several aspects, like overdependence on technology, reduction in people’s critical abilities, and prevalence of physical and mental health issues, point towards the backwardness of societies.

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To begin with, it is pertinent to understand the correlation of human inventions with societies. Human inventions aim to provide innovation and progress in society by fostering technological advancements, improving the living standards of the masses, and enhancing convenience. Similarly, most developments humans have attained have relied on making the world a better place for future generations. For instance, the invention of the telegram in the 1840s by Samuel Morse revolutionized long-distance communication. It has been marked as the beginning of a new era in communication systems based on electrical signals transmitted between stations. Likewise, human inventions have significantly transformed people’s lives in nearly every walk of life. From the invention of steam engines to submarines, the world has experienced better efficiency and enhanced productivity in each domain. However, the goal of human inventions has not been fully accomplished, and the challenges and risks human inventions have been posing for the World are pushing societies backwards.

While considering the recent dimensions of human inventions in the contemporary era, it has set new standards for connectivity, transportation, technology, and medical care. Significantly, human inventions in the 21st century are the epicentre for future revolutions in the field of science and technology. For instance, artificial intelligence (AI), GPS navigation, and electronic vehicles all point towards the extended horizon of human inventions. Likewise, the finance sector has dramatically shifted its trends after creating digital currency and e-money. Moreover, space crafts, satellites, and space stations reveal that the scale of human inventions has also exceeded space technology. Furthermore, x-rays, scans, MRIs, and nanotechnology show that medical care is in its new modification phase. In short, human inventions are replicating in numbers with every coming year.

Having discussed the basic purpose and scale of human inventions, examining their potential aspects leading the World towards backwardness is imperative. Some of the key features of human inventions that have pushed societies backwards are described below.

First, over-reliance on modern technological tools is becoming a significant cause of the lack of critical thinking abilities among people around the globe. The following aspect not only slows down the pace of thinking effectively in diversified ways but also makes people addicted towards the latest software applications for every query. For instance, ChatGPT’s immediate response and problem-solving techniques have impacted students’ learning experience. Moreover, students copy the same data without evaluating the written text. Thus, the over-dependence of people on such platforms limits their capacity for analytical thinking and creative abilities.

Second, the development of more deadly weapons and armaments every coming year has been leading the World towards destruction. These include nuclear weapons, space weapons, stealth aircraft, missiles, laser-guided weapons, submarines, drones, etc. Instead of creating a suitable environment for the establishment of peace in the World, such inventions have only been contributing to further aggravating the existing disputes. According to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), The United States’ share of global arms exports increased from 33 to 40 per cent in 2023. It clearly shows that developed countries expand their due share in the arms industry as it provides the manufacturer states with good dividends. In such a manner, the world has become void of peace and experiencing chaos due to the development of deadly weapons and armaments day by day. 

Third, irresponsible and unchecked use of social media platforms leads to the spread of misinformation and unauthorized data, which creates anxiety in society. Furthermore, the presence of bulk data in the form of images, texts, and videos makes people readily believe the information being provided. For instance, the circulation of fake news during the COVID-19 Pandemic about the virus, its symptoms, and its cure created fear and chaos at large. Similarly, counterfeit statistics about death tolls and the number of affected people due to the virus continuously mounted a climate of distress in people. In short, social media platforms provide enough room for misinformation, ultimately enhancing societal anxiety and dismay.

Fourth, human inventions have been causing irreversible damage to available natural resources through environmental degradation. Human activities like deforestation, aquifer depletion, and overconsumption of fossil fuels are significant examples of such phenomena. Similarly, various forms of land, water, and air pollution have been responsible for destroying ecosystems and losing biodiversity. In the 21st century, global warming has become the biggest challenge for the World, mainly due to anthropogenic activities. Frequent flash floods, high-magnitude earthquakes, augmented heat waves, and unusual rainfall patterns directly point towards massive disturbances in natural habitats. To sum up, rampant human activities with unplanned substitutes of natural resources have significantly damaged the earth’s environment.

Fifth, human inventions in the field of technology directly impact the physical and psychological health of the masses due to the excessive use of electronic devices. Laptops, personal computers, android mobile phones, tablets, etc., are all such devices that are frequently common nowadays. Moreover, people spend hours watching purposeless content on the internet that causes neck pain, eyestrain, and changes in the body’s natural posture. Furthermore, people, when exposed to long-term use of the abovementioned devices, suffer from depression, agitation, and restlessness that impact their mental well-being. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), The United States has one of the highest mental health disease burdens among high-income countries. Furthermore, the country ranks on the list of the most technologically advanced countries with leading manufacturing companies of the latest electronic devices. In short, human inventions in terms of technology can hurt the health of humans both physically and mentally.

Sixth, human inventions in robotics and AI-based software applications are accountable for reducing the skilled human workforce in industries worldwide. Moreover, the transformation of sectors towards automation is accelerated, with a replicating number of robots each year. According to the World Economic Forum, 14 million net jobs will be lost worldwide significantly due to artificial intelligence by 2027. This statement shows the gravity of the issue that artificial intelligence with increased efficiency and productivity directly threatens the skilled human workforce. To conclude, human inventions in the context of industries are responsible for replacing robots with the human labour force.

Lastly, the unequal distribution of man-made devices is creating a divide in societies around the World by enhancing inequality, poverty, injustice, and prejudices. The scale of human inventions is limited to specific regions and does not synchronize the entire population of developed and developing nations. It is evident from the fact that the economies of the Global North differ significantly from those of the Global South due to a lack of rapid innovation and advanced technology. Likewise, countries in former regions enjoy privileges in terms of enhanced productivity, improved infrastructure, and accelerated mobilization compared to later regions. In short, the unequal distribution of human inventions is responsible for the world’s economic, social, and technological divide. 

However, a particular school of thought argues that constructive and purposive use of technology can help to tackle global challenges like poverty, climate change, food insecurity, healthcare, gender equality, education, etc. For instance, online learning platforms served as an alternative medium for quality education during the COVID-19 pandemic. However, the effectiveness of all such technological advancements depends on their usage. It cannot be denied that the meaningful use of technology is limited to a smaller extent; instead, it is being utilized as a source of entertainment, cybercrime, and political instruments on a broad spectrum. In the war between Russia and Ukraine, Russia has used drones for intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance to find and attack targets for propaganda purposes against Ukraine. Thus, numerous approaches are required to tackle global challenges, and the purposive use of technology could not solely contribute to doing so. 

In a similar domain, it is suggested that modern technological tools could enhance businesses with better efficiency and productivity worldwide. According to the IMF, The US will have around 11,000 fintech companies in 2022, ranging from small startups to established players. But the scalability of such businesses and enterprises is limited to developed countries only. There are a large number of developing and under-developing countries that lack the necessities of a better living. As claimed by the UN in November 2021, 46 countries in the world are least developed.  In such scenarios, technological tools remain a means to dominate under-privileged countries. Thus, using modern technological tools in businesses could only favour economically stable countries.

While considering the objectives of human inventions, the basic idea is to provide innovation and comfort in conventional practices. But the outcomes reveal that human inventions are moving societies backwards with their far-reaching implications. As the world has revolutionized, human inventions have multiplied according to the needs of every era. Yet, humans have not benefitted enough from those inventions as perceived. The hidden aspects of human inventions have brought destruction, disharmony, and restlessness to societies around the globe. In this way, human inventions have proven a double-edged sword for societies in the world.

To conclude, human inventions have remained a symbol of progress and innovation in the World. Whether in technology or medical sciences, humans have come across millions of inventions. But the number of misfortunes and miseries linked with human inventions has proven more significant than their benefits. In the contemporary era, the World have been experiencing destructive wars, social chaos, and environmental degradation at large. In all the above-mentioned situations, human inventions have contributed their due share with their potential aspects. Thus, it is undeniable that human inventions have contributed to moving societies backwards.

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