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Undoubtedly, men and women have played a significant role in a country’s economic development. But unfortunately, women have faced many obstacles to getting an education in a country. Thus, if a country can follow different policies crucial for women’s education, then a country’s economic development can boost rapidly.
2- Understanding the importance of education for the collective economic development of a country
3- Why education must not be limited only to boys when it comes to the collective economic development of a country
- ✓ Limited access to education
- Case in point: According to UNESCO estimates, 129 million girls are out of school, including 32 million of primary school age, and 97 million of secondary school age across the globe
- ✓ Gender inequality
- Case in point: According to the global gender gap index report 2022, India ranks 135 among 146 countries and is the worst performer in the world “health and survival” sub-index, where it is ranked 146
- ✓ Discrimination anathema
- Case in point: India’s case study
- ✓ Early marriages of girls
- Case in point: According to the report, more than 41,000 girls under the age of 18 marry every day
- ✓ Rampant Violence
- Case in point: According to the World Bank report, 60 million girls are sexually assaulted on their way to or at school every year
- Case in point: According to the report, 246 million women experience violence in and around school every year
- ✓Honor killing issue
- Case in point: According to the World Health Organization (WHO), in 2022, it was estimated that more than 500000 murders occur each year worldwide in the name of honour
- Case in point: According to the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan, over 470 cases of honour killing were reported in Pakistan in 2021, but Human Right Defenders estimate that around 1,000 women are killed in the name of honour every year
4- How can a country improve the education system for the collective economic development of a country?
- ✓To run public awareness schemes regarding the importance of women’s education should be initiated
- ✓To give financial support to needy women
- ✓To ban early marriages
- ✓To encourage the introduction of the facilities of distance learning
- ✓To develop and implement a security plan with attention to concerns of girls, including sexual harassment
Answer to Question
A country’s economic development is only possible with a good education. Indeed, education has played an indispensable role in a country’s economic development. It has also provided state prosperity, stability, and progress and increased GDP growth rate and productive and economic development for a country. Moreover, both men and women should equally contribute to the economic development of a nation; however, equality in education has been an elusive dream for women in a country. Unfortunately, in the world, women have considered inferior to men. No doubt, the world’s half population has covered by women, in which some women are working the strengthening economic development. But, sadly, the jobs opportunity for them is only 35 per cent, which shows the murder of gender equality. Moreover, undoubtedly, if women had been given equal education. As a result, girls’ education has strengthened a county’s economy. According to the World Bank report, “If 1 per cent more women had a secondary education, economic growth would increase by 0.3 per cent.” Moreover, gender inequality is the main hindrance to women’s education, as is evident in India’s worst education system. Along with it, discrimination treatment has also aggravated the situation of women’s education. Not only have this, but early marriages also hampered women’s education and progress. Thus, if universities provide facilities for distance learning, public awareness schemes regarding the importance of women’s education, financial support to needy students, and banned early marriages, then a country could counter the worst education system for women. This question comprehensively discusses why education must not be limited only to boys when it comes to the collective economic development of a country and how a country can improve its education system for the collaborative economic development of a nation.
Understanding the importance of education for the collective economic development of a country
Before explaining why education must not be limited only to boys when it comes to the collective economic development of a country, it is of great importance to understand the importance of education for the joint economic development of a nation. No doubt, education, in every sense, is one of the fundamental factors of development. Every country can achieve sustainable economic growth with substantial investment in human capital. Along with it, education enriches people’s understanding and broaden their perspectives at large, further improving their lifestyle and enhancing social benefits for individuals and society. Moreover, education promotes entrepreneurship and technological advances, enhancing peoples’ productivity level at every scale. In addition, it also plays a very crucial role in boosting socio-economic progress and improving income distribution.
Why education must not be limited only to boys when it comes to the collective economic development of a country?
In a country, men and women should be equal to the right to education. But unfortunately, women have been deprived of right similar to education in the world. There are many reasons that obstacle the way of women’s education yet.
- Limited access to education
First, in a family, girls are not allowed to study, but boys can go outside the city and study as per their needs. Moreover, parents think that boys’ education is more important than girls and they are not getting primary education and higher education. According to UNESCO estimates, “129 million girls are out of school, including 32 million of primary school age and 97 million of secondary school age across the globe.” Second, the distance between schools from home also hinders women’s education. For instance, more than 80 per cent of the school in Pakistan is in village areas and in which most of them are non-functional. There is a lack of teachers, proper teaching, learning facilities, and infrastructure. Girls from rural areas often have to walk a long distance to reach school in a different village or city. Third, due to the fear of sexual harassment and violence against girls, most parents prefer not to send their girls to school.
- Gender inequality
The biggest problem that women are facing today is gender inequality. Women have fewer social, political, and economic opportunities than men. In addition, they have not gotten equal rights to education as men. Moreover, gender inequality starts in childhood and continues for a lifetime. According to the Global Gender Gap Index Report (2022), “India ranks 135 among 146 countries and is the worst performer in the world “health and survival” sub-index, rating 146.” Moreover, for example, boys are encouraged to get education at all levels preparing themselves for work. But on the other hand, girls carry heavy household responsibilities that keep them from school, which increases the odds of child marriages.
- Discrimination anathema
Moreover, discrimination treatment is also hampering the way of women’s education. Girls in India face discrimination both in their homes and outside their communities. For instance, in India, an owner of a company fires a female employee after her marriage because he assumes that married women do not make efficient workers.
- Early marriages of girls
In addition, early marriages are also a big problem in the way of women’s education. According to the estimates, “Approximately, 41,000 girls under the age of 18 get married every day and are not allowed to go to school after marriage.” Eventually, those young girls become mothers at an early age, which adversely affects the health of both mother and child.
- Rampant violence
Violence also prevents girls across the globe from accessing and completing education. Most girls are forced to walk a long distance to their school, placing them at an increased risk of violence. According to the World Bank report, “60 million girls are sexually assaulted every year on their way to or at school.” Moreover, an estimated 246 million women experience violence in and around school yearly. Facing the burden of stigma can lead girls to drop out of school at an early age.
- Honour killing issue
Lastly, education in several areas is linked with the family’s honour. For example, if girls of this family go for education, it is considered against the family’s honour. So, these families do not allow their girls to go to school. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 2022, “More than 500000 murders occur each year worldwide in the name of honour.” Similarly, according to the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan, “Over 470 cases of honour killing were reported in Pakistan in 2021.”Thus, the issue at hand become the reason behind limited girls’ education.
How can a country improve women’s education system for the collaborative economic development of a country?
A country can improve economic development if they follow the steps required for women’s education:
- A country that spreads public awareness schemes regarding the importance of women’s education should be initiated.
- Financial support must be given to needy women who cannot afford the fees of schools.
- The government must ban early marriages. According to the report, “Ending early marriages could generate more than US$500 billion in benefits annually.”
- Universities should be encouraged to introduce distance learning facilities, so girls get an education quickly.
- Lastly, all schools should develop and implement a security plan that addresses girls’ concerns, including sexual harassment.
In a net shell, women are crucial to the economic development of a country. With women, a country can progress in economic development. Empowering women through policies, such as greater access to educational opportunities and finance, results in better economic development for a country. Moreover, women’s equality is vital to increasing sustainable economic growth in developing countries. Thus, women’s education is essential for a country’s economic development; it benefits a country and helps homes and takes to the decision over life.
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