CSS 2021 solved precis paper | CSS 2021 solved preposition | CSS 2021 solved sentence correction | CSS 2021 solved pair of words | CSS 2021 solved punctuation | CSS 2021 solved paragraph
Although the CSS 2021 precis and composition paper was quite tricky, I was delighted when some of my students called and told me that they were quite sure about synonyms and antonyms, sentence corrections, prepositions, and above all punctuation and paragraph writing. They think that whatever I had taught them became part of the paper. No, my dear, the truth is you people have practised each concept thoroughly for 5 to 6 months. The credit goes to Allah and your hard work, not to me alone. I wish you very best of luck. May Allah guide you and help you qualify for the exam as he did to my previous students, Amieen. I am very thankful to Almighty Allah who has been so kind to me. All of my students who have gone through my lectures and notes – vocabulary (700 words), pair of words (500 words), idioms (500 words) synonyms and antonyms (1200 MCQs), 70 plus punctuation paragraphs, and 50 plus Urdu to English practice paragraphs – must be confident today.
CSS 2021 Solved Prepositions
Re-write the following sentences after filling in the blanks with appropriate preposition.
The Knavish wolf was able _____ convince the pig to let him _____ his home.
The adjective “Able” always takes the preposition “TO”, and we always use the preposition “INTO” when we want to refer to an action going inside from outside.
Thus, the right answer is,
The Knavish wolf was able to convince the pig to let him into his home.
I looked this word ____ in the dictionary, but I still don’t understand it
Look Up (Phrasal Verb) means: To try to find out a piece of specific information by looking in a book, notes, register, dictionary or by using a gadget – computer.
Thus, the right answer is,
I looked this word up in the dictionary, but I still don’t understand it.
I need to learn these words ______ heart ______ tomorrow.
We always learn or memorize something “BY HEART”
We always use the expression “BY TOMORROW” when we want to refer to the period of time, as a deadline. However, the preposition “TILL / UNTIL” refers to a condition that will change in the future or had already changed in the past.
Thus, the correction is,
I need to learn these words by heart by tomorrow.
He is cogitating _______ some means of revenge.
Cogitate (Verb) means: To think, ponder, meditate very intently or deeply about a subject.
The verb “Cogitate” takes the preposition “ABOUT” when it takes a clause after it; whereas, when there is a noun phrase after it, we usually place the preposition “UPON / ON”. Although some modern writers don’t place any preposition after the verb when it is acting as a main verb, I suggest my students use preposition if there is a noun phrase after the verb. It will help readers to understand the proper meaning.
- He is cogitating upon / on some means of revenge.
- After the guilty verdict was handed in, the judge, Mutahar, released the jury so that he could cogitate about the kind of sentence he should pass.
- After Alia drew on the drawing-room wall with color markers, her elder sister sent her to time out to make her cogitate about what she had done.
Thus, the correction can be,
- He is cogitating upon some means of revenge.
- He is cogitating on some means of revenge.
- He is cogitating some means of revenge.
He was reticent ______ do anything about the problem.
Reticent (Adj.) means: Not willing to tell anybody about our feelings, aspirations, and thoughts, closemouthed, reserved, or uncommunicative.
As an adjective, the word “Reticent” always agrees with the preposition “ABOUT” and “TO”. We always say “Reticent To” when there is a verb phrase. However, we always say “Reticent About” when there is a gerund or a noun phrase.
- Alia is very reticent about her past experience.
- She was reticent to talk about her divorce.
- Alia has always been reticent to meet new people.
- Most of the competitive students were reticent about speaking against academy mafia.
Thus, the correction is,
He was reticent to do anything about the problem.
His body is impervious ________ moisture.
Impervious (Adj.) means: cannot be damaged, disturbed, affected, harmed or not allowing entrance, tight, or impenetrable.
As an adjective, the word “Impervious” always takes the preposition “TO”.
- The coat is impervious to rain/dirt/dust.
- Mutahar is impervious to pain.
Thus, the correction is,
His body is impervious to moisture.
Ahmad applied _____ the bank for a loan.
The correct preposition is “AT” because this preposition answers us the question “Where?”.
Thus, the correction is,
Ahmad applied at the bank for a loan.
The morgue is redolent _______ the odor of deceased individuals.
Redolent: (Adj.) means: Odor or fragrance of something that make us think of something else or filled with a scent or odor.
As an adjective, the word “Redolent” is usually followed by the prepositions “OF” and “With”.
Thus, the correct answer is,
- The morgue is redolent of the odor of deceased individuals.
- The morgue is redolent with the odor of deceased individuals.
CSS 2021 Solved Pair of Words
Gibe & Jibe
“Gibe” (verb) means: to taunt, jeer, or make fun of.
“Jibe” (verb) means: To agree.
Sarah’s friends gibed her for wearing sunglasses at night.
Laraib’s brother didn’t jibe with her idea of migration.
Epigram & Epigraph
“Epigram” (noun) means: A brief, witty statement in prose (written work) or verse -similar to an aphorism (a brief saying/ phrase, which expresses an opinion or makes a statement of wisdom).
“Epigraph” (noun) means: A quotation set at the beginning of a text (a poem, an essay, a book, a chapter of a book) to suggest its theme.
During his speech, Sir Syed Kazim Ali quoted an epigram from one of his favorite poets.
One of Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah’s quotes was used as an epigraph on the school building named after him.
Brawl & Bawl
“Brawl” (noun) means: A noisy quarrel or fight.
“Brawl” (verb) means: To fight in a rough/ noisy/ uncontrolled way
“Bawl” (verb) means: To cry/ shout loudly.
A few students were responsible for inciting a brawl after they accused the government of wrongdoings.
Mutahar and Khuleed spent yesterday night in separate police cells after brawling with hotel security guards.
“Get out of my car!” Alia bawled angrily.
Crib & Crypt
“Crib” (noun) means: A small bed for a baby having high bars around the sides so that the kid cannot fall out.
“Crypt” (noun) means: A cellar, vault, or underground chamber where bodies are sometimes buried.
My mother laid my younger sister back again in the crib.
While touring the ancient city Pompi, the tourists were told about the crypt of the old church, which had a musty dank smell.
Barmy & Balmy
“Barmy” (Adj.) means: Slightly crazy or very silly/ foolish.
“Balmy” (Adj.) means: Pleasantly warm or calm.
Laraib didn’t think that skydiving was a barmy idea, but her younger brother said it was the craziest thing he’d ever heard of.
The balmy breeze from the ocean created a comfortable environment for my wedding ceremony.
Monogamous & Monogenous
“Monogamous” (Adj.) means: Having married to only one person at a time
“Monogenous” (Adj.) means: Relating to monogenesis (development from a single source, e.g. a cell, an ancestor, or a language).
Every modern girl most commonly seeks a monogamous marriage-even in societies that allow polygamy.
The inherited disorders of haemoglobin and sickle-cell anaemia are by far the commonest monogenous diseases.
CSS 2021 Solved Punctuation
That familiarity produces neglect has been long observed the effect of all external objects however great or splendid cease with their novelty the courtier stands without emotion at royal presence the music tramples under his foot the beauties of spring with little attention to their fragrance and the inhabitant of the coast darts his eye upon the immense diffusion of waters without awe wonder or terror.
Solved Punctuation by Sir Syed Kazim Ali
That familiarity produces neglect, has been long observed. The effect of all external objects, however, great or splendid, ceases with their novelty: the courtier stands without emotion in the royal presence; the rustic tramples under his foot the beauties of the spring with little attention to their colours or their fragrance; and the inhabitant of the coast, darts his eye upon the immense diffusion of waters, without awe, wonder, or terror.
CSS 2021 Solved Sentence Corrections
Sentence Correction – 1:
They lieing in the sun.
In this sentence, replace the verb “Lieing” with “Lying”.
They were lying in the sun.
Sentence Correction – 2:
He will not come without he is asked.
In this sentence, replace the word “Without” with “Unless”. Both words “Unless” and “Until” are often taken as synonymous by competitive students, but their meanings are different. Remember, the word “Unless” refers to a condition not being met. In comparison, the word “Until” refers to a time threshold not being crossed.
He will not come unless he is asked.
Sentence Correction – 3:
John as well as Harry bear witness to it.
If two nouns, pronouns, or a noun like things are connected with – as well as / in addition to / besides / like/ unlike / with / along with / together with / accompanied by / led by / headed by / guided by / controlled by / governed by, etc., then the verb must be in accordance with the noun or pronoun that comes before these words.
Remember, we – writers – always place commas before and after these words when used to connect more than two nouns or pronouns. Thus, the correct sentences can be,
John as well as Harry bears witness to it. (Less Formal)
John, as well as Harry, bears witness to it. (100% Formal)
Sentence Correction – 4:
Is there a sport club nearby?
We always say “Sports Club”, not “Sport Club”. So, replace “Sport Club” with “Sports Club”. Moreover, when we want to enquire about something, we use the quantifier “Any”, which can be used with the countable and uncountable noun equally. Thus, the correction is,
Is there any sports club nearby?
Sentence Correction – 5:
The coat is quite big.
We always use the preposition “Quite” before the article “A”. Remember, modern grammarians normally do not use this preposition.
The adverb “Too” is generally used before an adjective or adverb to talk about something that is more than good, necessary, possible, etc.
Thus, the correction is,
The coat is too big.
Sentence Correction – 6:
It is only a short travel by train.
The word “Travel” is a verb, and we usually don’t use it as a noun. Whereas, the word “Journey” is a noun that means the act of going from one place to another. So, replace the word “Travel” with “Journey” or “Trip“
It’s only a short journey by train.
It is only a short travel by train.
The word “Travel” is a verb, and we usually don’t use it as a noun. Whereas, the word “Journey” is a noun that means the act of going from one place to another. So, replace the word “Travel” with “Journey”.
It’s only a short journey by train. (100% formal)
It’s only a short trip by train. (Less formal)
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