The following article, How has the World as a Global Village Learnt to Live Together? is written by Maleeha Sattar, a student of Sir Syed Kazim Ali. Moreover, the article is written on the same pattern, taught by Sir to his students, scoring the highest marks in compulsory subjects for years. Sir Kazim has uploaded his students’ solved past paper questions so other thousands of aspirants can understand how to crack a topic or question, how to write relevantly, what coherence is, and how to include and connect ideas, opinions, and suggestions to score the maximum.
The world has undergone the process of globalization since the Industrial Revolution, breaking down national borders between countries and making it a global village. Indeed, the single community has engaged in the flow of ideas, information, and trade, fostering global economic, social, cultural, and political integration, and, ultimately, made its people habitual of living together according to the principle of peaceful co-existence. However, this share of multifaceted growth and progress is not evenly distributed, as the developed world has, to some extent, used globalization as a tool in the global village to exploit the developing world. Therefore, upon analyzing the world’s global village formation journey, it becomes clear that the world has adopted many positive economic, social, cultural and political practices and, however, faced a few challenges while learning to live together. To start with, positive adopted practices include boosted free trade agreements with lucrative economic policies attracting FDIs and poor countries’ improved living standards with labourers’ movement due to open borders. Moreover, enhanced cultural diversity with the integration of the world’s artists and an increase in developing states’ democratization, along with the global institutions’ financial support to poor governments during emergencies, are also manifestations of the case. Nevertheless, the challenges faced by the world are global leaders’ exploitative economic role, escalation of religious intolerance with cultural erosion, and the world’s leaders’ contended attitude towards the resolution of contemporary challenges. Thus, positive benefits in the global village outweigh the problems in modern times. This essay sheds light on how the world as a global village has learnt to live together successfully, with a few challenges faced during the process.
Before explaining how the world as a global village has learnt to live together, it is of great importance to understand the term global village. Undoubtedly, it is the world’s formation as a community in which people are connected to each other using various communication platforms. Undoubtedly, it helps foster various social groups’ integration by sharing their views, ideas, and information, impacting the world in various positive as well as negative economic, social, cultural, and political ways. Therefore, it offers some prerequisites, like following the principles of win-win cooperation, equality, and many more, for the world to live peacefully in the global village.
At present, the world as a global village has learnt to live together with harmony at all levels. Being at the peak of prosperity in today’s neo-liberal era, the world has enjoyed the fruits of globalization, pushing developing countries on the roads of development. For instance, they have experienced an increase in their economies of scale- the decrease in average cost per unit output with the increase in magnitude of output. It happens by adopting various strategy-based economic policies in the country. Indeed, China’s dual circulation model explains the case well by creating production and circulation of goods at the domestic and international levels, enhancing the country’s self-sufficiency and lowering the average cost per unit output. Moreover, the trade of multiple knowledge products, like international publications, Netflix, Spotify, legal documents, e-books, software, trademarks, and many more, has become easily accessible to people due to enhanced internet technology. Hence, the single borderless community has made people civilized enough with advancements to live together.
To begin with, it is imperative to explore how the world as a global village has learnt to live together. First, the world has engaged in cross-border trade for centuries and has focused on boosting free trade agreements with each other during voyages together. Undoubtedly, it has helped them enhance global interdependence by strengthening countries’ comparative advantages, providing a competitive edge to others and developing a healthy global economic network. The Free Trade Agreements of China with Pakistan, Cambodia, Australia, and the Philippines are the best manifestations in this case. Thus, the world as a global village has learnt to live together by uplifting its trade agreements’ standards, benefitting it collectively.
Next to it, a lot of developing countries in the world have advanced their economic policies to maintain their pace with developed countries. It is, indeed, necessary for them in a way that it helps them promote cooperation in the global village. For this purpose, they have introduced lucrative tax systems that would attract the FDIs’ opportunities in their countries, advancing further infrastructure development plans. Countries with low tax jurisdictions, Singapore and the Netherlands, have ranked at 98.38 and 95.98 per cent in the Investor Friendliness Index (2022), further increasing the FDIs’ opportunities for them. Hence, the countries in the world as a global village have learnt to live together by developing an economic interconnectedness via high inflows of FDIs in them.
In addition, in the single community, the global institutions, the United Nations (UN) and the World Bank have played a vibrant role in the developing countries’ social progress and made them capable of marching with developed ones in the future. Without any bargain, they have provided financial assistance to developing countries so that they can raise their people’s living standards and life expectancy rates. According to the Human Development Index Report 2022, “Vietnam, Uzbekistan, Egypt, Azerbaijan, and Tunisia, once had lower human capital rate, have ranked at the high level of Human Development Tier now.” So, the world as a global village has learnt to live together by sharing equal opportunities with each other.
Above and beyond, the global village also provides labourers in developing countries the freedom to migrate to developed countries for better jobs. Fortunately, the open borders facility under the umbrella of the living together agenda reduces geographical inequality in the world by providing ample employment opportunities to workers. According to the Bureau of Emigration Overseas Employment (BEOE), “286,648 Pakistan’s workers were registered for overseas employment in 2021.” It shows that the country adopting the mutual benefits principle has learnt to live with the world as a single society.
By the same token, the global village accepts each other’s cultural norms so that everyone learns to live collaboratively. Unquestionably, the world’s high communication level promulgates cultural diversity and harmony among the nations. Notably, it has normalized the notion of social construction and lessened the misconceptions about various cultures across the globe. Moreover, it has also enhanced the people-to-people contact, as the high rates of tourism in Maldives, i.e., 27.33% with less stereotyping and acceptance of various cultures, shows that the world has accepted the cultural universality principle.
Similarly, the global community aspiring to achieve the collectiveness goal also focused on the artists’ worldwide integration, presenting their work on a platform. In this case, they organize cultural programs and conferences where they share their knowledge about art and human values in the desire to make the world better. For instance, “Final Destination – Asia: not Strict Compliance” provided a stage for Pakistani and Indian artists to display their work for the betterment of the people across the boards. Thus, both rival states have proved that the world as a global village has learnt to live together with diversity.
Furthermore, in the world as a global village, the developing states’ democratization process has been enhanced due to growing public awareness of global issues such as gender equality and human rights. To achieve this, they start online campaigns on social media and rallies on the roads. As a result, member states actively participate in UN conferences and present their citizens’ demands in the form of proposals. In its aftermath, the global institutions justly issued rule books: 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the UN Charter, working as a binding force for them to live together.
Besides, the global institutions in the single community take charge of developing countries in emergency situations by providing them with financial support. For instance, International Monetary Fund (IMF) supports Sri Lanka’s economic policies with a 48-month arrangement under the Extended Fund Facility (EFF) of about US $2.9 billion in 2022. In this way, the global institution helps Sri Lanka’s government to uplift society by fulfilling the targets of social safety net programs. Thus, developing countries gain support from global parents in times of crisis.
However, the world has also faced a few challenges while learning to live together, as everything has some drawbacks. The first and foremost one is the economic exploitation of developing countries by global leaders. They deliberately use coercive economic strategies to cut down the economic involvement of those developing states that go against their whims and wishes. For instance, the United States (US) imposed economic sanctions on Iran’s Chabahar Port to prevent Iran from advancing prohibited nuclear activities. It means the US, as a single community, prefers competition rather than cooperation in this matter.
Second, the world has also experienced escalated instances of religious intolerance due to the over-migration of people in the global village. While struggling to live together, the ethnic and religious clashes have grown so much that terrorism and hostile law-making against minorities have become the norm. Sub-Saharan Africa accounts for 48% of global deaths from terrorism according to the Global Terrorism Index, 2022, and Adolf Modi’s Citizenship Law against Muslims is a valid example explaining the case. Hence, the global village has become the centre of tussles instead of unity.
Third, the global village has distorted the family system due to cultural erosion in modern times. Ostensibly, the developing states have adopted the cultural values of the West and negated the traditional values and customs of their states. For instance, Pakistan’s youth have forgotten their norm: respect for elders. It is evident from the Social Welfare Department Report that the country has 16 old age houses in Punjab alone. It shows that the global village is anathema for some in terms of norms and values.
Lastly, world leaders have adopted a contending attitude while tackling contemporary environmental challenges. Instead, there is a dire need for the world’s cooperation, as nations are on the verge of collapse due to this global curse. However, according to the BBC News on Climate and Science, “The world leaders in a climate agreement at COP27 in Egypt have not raised ambitions on cutting emissions and focused only on lip service and blame games.” It shows that living together in the world as a global village is not the dream of all.
In a robust diagnosis, the world as a global village has learnt to live together for the ultimate achievement of collective peace, prosperity, and stability. Assuredly, the consequence of being borderless yields positive results in the form of multidimensional integration and cooperation. At the same time, the global village’s Pandora’s box has jeopardized the social, economic, cultural, and political sovereignty of the developing nations owing to the hands of global leaders’ unscrupulous role. Despite having scepticism related to a single community, the world has sketched its map based on multilateralism rules and is hopeful to achieve it completely.
In conclusion, learning to live together in the world as a global village demands the negation of zero-sum games and absolutism, as it would create anarchy instead of stability. Therefore, nations are actively negating the negativities of a few and striving hard to focus on the positive options, promoting the mutual benefits of all. In the end, the developing states would succeed in living together mayhem by fostering peace and justice in their respective domains and compelling the developed ones to totally avoid their conflicting attitude and respect the integration principles in the modern era.
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