CSS Solved Pakistan Affairs Past Paper | Keeping in view the diverse Muslim reformist Movements of the subcontinent, delineate the sequential unity in the formulation of the ideology of Pakistan.
The question is attempted by Miss Zaineb Azam, who scored 78 marks in the Pakistan Affairs paper in CSS 2018 (CE-18) on the given pattern, which Sir Syed Kazim Ali teaches to his students, who consistently score the maximum because of their attempting the questions. The content is based on historical facts taught by Sir Rameez Ch.
- Evolutionary process
- Endless efforts of Muslim reformist
- Islam, culture and Two Nation Theory
- A set of beliefs, values, norms, symbols, goals
- Coined by French Philosopher
- The science of ideas
- The ideology of Pakistan:
- The Ideology of Pakistan and the ideology of Islam have the same meaning
- A socio-political reality
- Muslim a separate nation based on Islamic ideology
- Sources of Ideology:
- Two Nation Theory
- The Muslim reformist, Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, and ideology:
- The Muslim reformist, Allama Iqbal, and Ideology:
- The Muslim reformist, Quaid e Azam, and Ideology:
The ideology of Pakistan took shape through an evolutionary process with the efforts of the Muslim reformists. Historical experiences provide the base; with Sir Syed Ahmed Khan began the period of Muslim self-awakening; Allama Iqbal provided the philosophical explanation, and Quaid Azam translated it into a political reality. Ideology plays a vital role in the making and breaking of political fortunes. Annals of political history show that Muslims of South Asia believe that Islam and Hinduism are not only two religions, but also two social orders that have been given birth to a distinct culture. Despite living together for a thousand years, they continued to develop different norms and values, cultures, and traditions.
The term ideology was coined by the French philosopher Ade Tracy. In a border context, ideology is a set of beliefs, values, norms, symbols, goals, and practices which is incorporated into the generalized formulation of attitudes. According to Richard, Corx Ideology means, “The science of ideas.” The social or political movement that becomes a collective objective of any society or a nation is called ideology. It can be said that “an ideology is a mental orientation of the group.
The ideology of Pakistan:
It is a fact that Pakistan came into being for implementing the ideology as a socio-political reality. The ideology of Pakistan was the consciousness of the Muslims in the historical perspective of the South Asia sub-continent that they were a separate nation based on Islamic ideology. According to Syed Ali Abbas, a former professor of history, “Ideology of Pakistan and ideology of Islam have the same meaning. Actually, the ideology of Pakistan is the practical shape of the teaching of Islam.”
Sources of Ideology:
Some of the main sources of Ideology are:
- the struggle of freedom, the Islamic way of life was the primary force. Moreover, Islam commands the same position in the ideology of Pakistan as the blood has in a living organism. Islam is the main source of ideology. Furthermore, Islam as an ideology portrays guiding principles in all directions of all people of all ages. Islam is not merely a dogma, it provides the guidelines to the generations to succeed.
- of the Sub-continent evolved a distinct culture and pattern of life. Mainly it is based on Islamic civilization. Every nation has its political history, structure, value systems and culture that is why culture is the second main source in the ideology of Pakistan.
- Two Nation Theory
- entire freedom movement revolves around the Two-Nation Theory. It becomes the basic demand for Pakistan. Two Nation Theory becomes a key role in the whole movement. Muslims culture patterns value systems and national goals all stand distinct from other nations.
The Muslim reformist, Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, and ideology:
Muslim reformist movement begins with the Muslim modernist and reformer Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. Many people describe him as the architect of the two-nation theory. He was the first Muslim political leader who used the word ‘Nation’. Moreover, the Urdu Hindi conflict provided the basic idea to start the struggle for a separate Nation.
The Muslim reformist, Allama Iqbal, and Ideology:
Allama Iqbal was the first person who for the first time gave the concept of a separate state for the Muslims keeping in view the Two-Nation Theory. According to Iqbal, “It is not the unity of language or the identity of economic interests that constitute the basic principles of our nationality, it is all because that we believe in a certain view of the universe, that we are a member of society, founded by the Prophet (PBUH). Islam abhors all material limitations.” Iqbal believes that religion and politics are not two distinct domains and if religion is excluded from politics, the result is tyranny.
The Muslim reformist, Quaid e Azam and Ideology:
“Pakistan came into being the very day when the first Hindu became o Muslim,” said Quaid-e-Azam. According to him, “Pakistan is the only state that came into being on the basis of strong ideology. Since its establishment, it has been demanded to accomplish its basic aim.” Furthermore, In his speech, he said, “Pakistan does not mean freedom and independence, but, the Muslim ideology, which has to be preserved, which has come to us as a precious gift and treasure and which, we hope, others will share with us.”
“We do not demand Pakistan simply to have a piece of land but we want a laboratory where we could experiment on Islamic principles.” To conclude, it can be said that the ideology of Pakistan is the endless efforts of the Muslim reformists in the sub-continent. The unity of Indian Muslims formulates the ideology of Pakistan. Islam provides the base, Two Nation Theory enhanced the feelings of nationalism. The journey begins with Sir Syed Ahmed khan’s educational efforts, Allama Iqbal’s philosophical view and the practical efforts of Quaid-e-Azam. Thus, it is a fact that the ideology of Pakistan is the name of the moulding of individual and collective lives according to Islam and also saving from conflicting ideologies.
About Miss Zaineb Azam
Miss Zaineb Azam, a proud student of Sir Syed Kazim Ali, scored 78 marks in the Pakistan Affairs paper in CSS 2018 (CE-18), and she has been guiding CSS aspirants since 2019 on how to attempt the paper to gain the maximum marks. Cssprpeforum has requested her to solve some of the previous questions to help CSS aspirants.
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