What are the causes of juvenile delinquency in Pakistan?

What are the causes of juvenile delinquency in Pakistan

CSS Solved Criminology Past Papers | What are the causes of juvenile delinquency in Pakistan?

The following question of Criminology is attempted on the same pattern, taught by Sir to his students, scoring the highest marks in compulsory subjects for years. This solved past paper question is uploaded to help aspirants understand how to crack a topic or question, how to write relevantly, what coherence is, and how to include and connect ideas, opinions, and suggestions to score the maximum.

Question Breakdown

In this question, the examiner has directly asked to explain the reasons behind juvenile delinquency in Pakistan. Similarly, it is instructed to the student that to secure good marks in this question. Just write reasons behind juvenile delinquency in Pakistan with suitable examples that practically happened in Pakistan. However, before conclusion connecting it with a theoretical perspective to eliminate this issue from society will help students to grab more marks.

  1. Introduction
  2. Causes of Juvenile Delinquency in Pakistan
  3. Case in Point: Practical Examples from Pakistan
  4. Theory: Differential opportunity Theory
  5. Conclusion


Juvenile delinquents are those who commit a crime before attaining adulthood. Children under the age of eighteen years doing un law full activities fall under the category of juvenile delinquency. They are children or minors who do a thing that is punishable by the law. In the real world, sometimes people consider few things that are normal to do after attaining eighteen years of age. However, doing that before reaching eighteen years is considered a crime in society. There are different causes of juvenile delinquency. Meanwhile, in Pakistan, children are more prone to delinquent behaviour. There is a gap between parents and children. Most of the time, parents prioritize one child over the other. In Pakistan, children are judged on their school performances. All the children who naturally cannot compete with others develop a sense of disobeying. Moreover, in Pakistan, there is a culture of educating minors with punishments and forcing them towards performing certain activities. Meanwhile, Pakistan is a poor country to provide all the basic niceties to all the people. Minors always stay under an inferiority complex. Most of the time, when children stay with those family members who are also in the habit of committing crimes, they socialize children according to their own ways. Therefore, skipping school and doing small robberies from home comes under the category of juvenile delinquency.

This is Common in Pakistan, and People never notice

“First time I Bunked from school was when one of my teachers kept me standing outside the class for the whole day. I came from home but have not gone to school’’

Causes of Juvenile Delinquency in Pakistan

There are several causes of Juvenile Delinquency in Pakistan. People in Pakistan never noticed doing those things and later on, they raised delinquent children with their own hands. 

Image Source Google
  • Everyday Father Sending Son to buy cigarettes for him from the shop

In human nature, there is always a barrier between doing anything wrong. For the first time, when someone tries to do anything against the law feels fear. Meanwhile, after practicing it normally in life that person will never go to feel any hesitation to do that act. However, the same is the case with juvenile delinquency. When a father sends a child to buy a pack of cigarettes for him, he will get used to getting those for himself even as it is clear that buying cigarettes below the age of eighteen is not allowed. But, he would not have any fear of buying it because of the practice he did for his father. So, as a result, he will turn into a juvenile delinquent one day.

Practical Example in Hand:
Most of the smoking children are those in Pakistan who once used to sit with their father when he used to smoke with their friends

  • Punitive method of schooling in Pakistan is increasing running away from school

The system of education in Pakistan is not well defined. Pakistan is still carrying a colonial legacy. In Pakistan, punishing students because of their caliber not meeting standards of teacher’s homework, or students having extra-curricular activities during studies and not getting good grades leads them to punishments from the teachers. However, this method of teaching is increasing the culture of running away from school. Students with the fear of being punished run away from school. They commit this crime despite knowing that is not legally correct for them. So, with time, those students turn out to be juvenile delinquents because of fear of being punished at the school.

  • There is a gap of trust between Police and juvenile delinquents

In Pakistan, police never treat juveniles in the professional manner they should treat them. However, every child on the road being talked to rudely by the police brings a gap of trust between them. Those children grow with this mindset that the police is not here to protect them. It just punishes those who do not have a good background to look for them.

 “Every single time when police uplift bike of a college going student from the road and takes him to the police station will bring a hate in child for the police”

  • Those kids who are raised by maids and stay in hostels are more delinquents:

It is easy to understand that for the upbringing of the child. It is important for a child to stay with their parents. But, time has changed the family patterns of society. Nowadays, both parents work and let their children with maids at home. Meanwhile, when most of the time, the child stays away from their parents, and he always develops a sense of detachment. When there comes this sense of detachment among kids, they always break the laws of the family and, later on, follow the same in society against the state.

“The most effective guard against delinquency is a father who is at the same time both strict and loving”

Sheldon Glueck

Case in Point: Juvenile delinquent case in Pakistan

A 13-year-old boy has recently killed his friend in Lahore over a brawl while playing PUBG. Similarly, last year, a 13-year-old boy killed his 12-year-old friend during a scuffle over a video game. In the same year, a 9-year-old boy shot his aunt in the head on the orders of his uncle after which both of them fled the crime scene.

Theoretical Perspective: Differential opportunity theory explaining the cause of juvenile delinquency.

Differential opportunity theory is a sociological theory that posits that juveniles and young adults may turn to deviant activity because they are unable to become financially and socially successful via means that society deems legitimate. Differential opportunity theorists believe that those individuals who are unable to accomplish goals in ways are more likely to attempt to acquire capital and status via illegitimate or deviant means.


In a nutshell, there are many reasons behind juvenile delinquency in Pakistan. The most common reason behind juvenile delinquency is the family pattern in Pakistani societies. They never follow any set of particular rules and norms in their daily routines. Similarly, parenting styles have raised juvenile delinquency in Pakistan. Those kids who stay with maids and workers always become delinquent. Similarly, at schools, the culture of punishment is very common. They are not attracting students to education. They have an increased fear of being punished at schools in their heads. Meanwhile, the police have created a bad image in the heads of children. They never feel safe from them. The torture they every single day college students receive from police on the road because of their bikes is a major reason behind delinquent behaviour.

“I think it’s important for us as a society to remember that the youth within juvenile justice systems are, most of the time, youths who simply haven’t had the right mentors and supporters around them – because of circumstances beyond their control.”


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