What is brain drain? What causes and suggestions for it in context of Pakistan?

What is brain drain? What causes and suggestions for it in context of Pakistan

The following article is written by Hafeezullah, a student of Sir Syed Kazim Ali. Moreover, the article is written on the same pattern, taught by Sir to his students, scoring the highest marks in compulsory subjects for years. Sir Kazim has uploaded his students’ solved past paper questions so other thousands of aspirants can understand how to crack a topic or question, how to write relevantly, what coherence is, and how to include and connect ideas, opinions, and suggestions to score the maximum.

Outline

1-Introduction

Brain drain is the migration of skilled manpower from its home country  to foreign country. In the context of Pakistan, the rise in the prices, unemployment among the qualified personnel, and  discrimination in appointment are at the bottom of the menace. However, reducing prices, creating more job opportunities, and promoting merit base system can help the country to tackle the issue of brain drain.

2-Current situation

  • Impact Pakistan to the  worse extent
  •  According to International Monetary Funds(IMF), the rate of brain drain for Pakistan is seven per cent as compared to 2.9 per cent for India
  • Saudi Arab is second home to Pakistan immigrants

3-Debunking the term “Brain Drain”

4-Causes of brain drain in Pakistan

  •  Increase in  prices
  • Unemployment of qualified personnel
  • Low level of salaries
  • Discrimination in appointment and promotion

5-Suggestions for brain drain in Pakistan

  • To tackle inflation
  • To create job opportunity
  • To rise salaries
  • To promote merit base system
  • To provide quality education

6-Critical analysis

7-Conclusion

Answer to the Question

Brain drain is a global phenomenon. However, it is subjective in nature because it can make and mark a country’s future. Furthermore,  scholars have lately defined it and written about it. To illustrate, the British Royal Society first coined the expression Brain Drain in the 1900s. Further, the term “Brain Drain” means the migration of skilled or semi-skilled personnel from their native country to any foreign country for pursuing their interest, whether economic, social, or political. Unfortunately, in the case of Pakistan, the adverse impacts of brain drain have overpowered its positive aspect. As revealed by International Monetary Fund (IMF), the rate of brain drain in Pakistan is seven per cent. However, many factors work as a catalyst to increase the percentage of brain drain. The factors include rise in prices, unemployment of qualified persons, and low level of salaries. Fortunately, with certain pragmatic and result-driven steps, such as controlling inflation, creating job opportunities, and promoting a merit-based system, Pakistan can eradicate it . Despite so many cons, the remittances provided through it has the ability to boost the economic development of a country like Pakistan.

“  Pakistan is poor country with rich minds ,and unfortunately, they brain drain.”

Syed Kazim Ali (Prof. English department)

At present, brain drain proves to be disastrous for third-world countries like Pakistan. It has impacted Pakistan socially, economically, and politically to a worse extent. According to International Monetary Funds(IMF), the rate of brain drain in Pakistan is seven per cent as compared to 2.9 per cent in India. The percentage is increasing with every passing day due to the shaky condition of Pakistan. Moreover, the Middle East, especially Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates(UAE), is home to many Pakistani migrants among all the countries. As revealed by the Pakistani Startup, forty-five per cent Pakistani migrants are in the Middle East. Therefore, the increasing percentage of brain drain in Pakistan must be brought to light.

Initially, the term brain drain was coined by “The British Royal Society” to describe the movement of human capital from Europe to the United States of America(USA) and Canada. The proper work on it was started in the 1950s by different scholars. Further, it means the migration of intellectuals from their native country to a foreign country for pursuing their interests. The interest can be social, political, or religious. Moreover, it is a “Zero Sum Game.” In simple words, the gain of one country is the loss of another country. For instance, a scientist migrating to another left a vacuum that takes a long to be filled. Hence, the word brain drain is a very old concept.

Since the inception of Pakistan, some of the phenomena have been prevalent in every evil faced by it. Accordingly, the same factors are also prevalent in the issue of brain drain. The most potent cause of it is the rise in prices. With the dawn of every passing day, the prices of normal goods increase, which hearts the locals. Next to it, the unemployment of qualified personnel made them flee from their native country. Every year hundreds of thousand of students graduate from different universities; however, getting jobs in Pakistan is like snatching meat from the mouth of a Lion. Lastly, discrimination in appointment and promotion is serving as a catalyst for the brain drain. The most prominent cause of it is discrimination of any sort. Consequently, many factors contribute to the rising number of brain drains.

As every problem comes with a solution, the same is for the menace of brain drain. First, tackling inflation can help a country to overcome many issues, particularly brain drain. Second, creating job opportunities by providing a better working environment for businesses. Third, promoting merit base system would provide a competent person for a job. Fourth, providing quality education can also help mitigate the menace of brain drain. Last but not least, increasing salaries and wages would have positive effects on the issue. Therefore, by taking the aforementioned steps, Pakistan can overcome the menace of brain drain.

In powerful diagnosis, it is evident from the aforementioned facts that the issue of brain drain is a mixed blessing. However, in the case of third-world countries like Pakistan, its adverse impacts overshadow its positive impacts. The percentage of brain drain is increasing with every passing day, and serious actions against it are the need of the hour. In addition to it, Higher Education Commission(HEC) has devised numerous policies to counter it. But the flow of it does not let the polices be fully effective. For instance, Foreign Faculty Hiring Program(FFHP)- initiated in 2003- has only attracted only 1500 diasporas. Thus, tackling of the menace is a dire need for Pakistan as a developing country.

To sum up, brain drain is not a new phenomenon. However, it is as old as humanity itself. Accordingly, the developed economies of the world attract many foreigners by providing incentives and scholarships to work for their cause. Such acts are taking the intellectuals of the country and making it suffer in every aspect of life. Furthermore, a country like Pakistan needs educated and skilled personnel in every sphere. Educated and skilled men can lead Pakistan towards unsurpassable development like the developed countries. Therefore, turning brain drain into its gain is a herculean task for Pakistan in absence of proper planning.

CSS Solved Past Papers’ Essays

Looking for the last ten years of CSS and PMS Solved Essays and want to know how Sir Kazim’s students write and score the highest marks in the essays’ papers? Then, click on the CSS Solved Essays to start reading them.

CSS Solved Essays

CSS Solved General Science & Ability Past Papers

Want to read the last ten years’ General Science & Ability Solved Past Papers to learn how to attempt them and to score high? Let’s click on the link below to read them all freely. All past papers have been solved by Miss Iqra Ali & Dr Nishat Baloch, Pakistan’s top CSS GSA coach having the highest score of their students. 

General Science & Ability Solved Past Papers

CSS Solved Pakistan Affairs Past Papers

Want to read CSS Pakistan Affairs Solved Past Papers and learn how to attempt them to score high? Let’s click on the link below to read them all freely. All past papers’ questions have been attempted by Sir Kazim’s students, who scored the highest in the subject.

CSS Solved Pakistan Affairs

CSS Solved International Relations’ Past Papers

Have you opted for International Relations in the CSS examination and want to score above 150? Then, click on the CSS Solved International Relations’ Past Papers by Miss Abeera Fatima, the top IR scorer and the best IR coach in Pakistan. 

CSS Solved International Relations Past Papers

Articles Might Interest You!

The following are some of the most important articles for CSS and PMS aspirants. Click on any to start reading.

List of Important Idioms for PMS Punjab
List of Important Antonyms for PMS Punjab
How To Write an Evidence in the CSS and PMS Essay Body
How Did I Prepare and Qualify for the PMS Essay and Precis Paper?
100 Must-Read Essays and Solved Past Papers Questions for CSS, PMS Aspirants
Why Do Most CSS, PMS Aspirants Fail Exams?
How Much Is English Important for CSS, PMS Aspirants?
Best CSS and PMS English Essay and Precis Teacher in Pakistan
High-Frequency Words for CSS, PMS Aspirants
CSS Solved Pakistan Affairs Past Papers 
CSS Solved General Science and Ability Past Papers 
CSS Solved Sentence Corrections with Explanations by Sir Kazim
Who Is The Best CSS English Essay and Precis Teacher in Pakistan?
 
Share Via
Facebook
Twitter
LinkedIn
Recent Posts

Cssprepforum

Education Company

Cssprepforum

cssprepforum.com

Welcome to Cssprepforum, Pakistan’s largest learning management system (LMS) with millions of questions along with their logical explanations educating millions of learners, students, aspirants, teachers, professors, and parents preparing for a successful future. 

Founder: Syed Kazim Ali
Founded: 2020
Phone: +92-332-6105-842
+92-300-6322-446
Email: howfiv@gmail.com
Students Served: 10 Million
Daily Learners: 50,000
Offered Courses: Visit Courses  

More Courses

RS 7000
Cssprepforum
All
3 Weeks
CPF

CPF

5/5
RS 15000
Extensive English Essay & Precis Course for CSS
Intermediate
4 Weeks
CPF

CPF

5/5
RS 15000
DSC_1766-1-scaled_11zon
Intermediate
2 Weeks
CPF

CPF

5/5
error: Content is protected !!