Written by Rukhsana Khalid
The elections of 1937 exposed the dichotomy in promises and practices of the Congress with the All India Muslim League (AIML) and other minorities. After assuming power, the congress pursued aggressive policies against the Muslims, as it tried to settle scores of the Hindus’ subjugation by the Muslims back in history. This attitude of the Hindus compelled the Muslims to depart their ways rather than working in a coalition with the Congress. The major causes of separating ways are discussed hereunder.
1) The problem of setting up the government:
In elections, the Muslim League (ML) had to face defeat whereas the Congress got absolute majority placing unjust preconditions to establish a coalition government. The major conditions included the dissolution of the Muslim League’s parliamentary board, and the inclusion of existing ML’s members in the Congress binding them to abide by the Congress’ code of conduct. If the ML had accepted the conditions, this would have meant its virtual demise changing the political landscape of British India once and for all. Also, the Congress had demanded to curtail the governor’s powers and to limit the British government’s interference in the provincial affairs before the establishment of Congress Ministries; so, it made the picture further clear regarding the bleak future of the Muslims.
2) Bande Matram and Taranga – National song and flag respectively:
After assuming power, the congress started showing its bigoted moves. At first, it declared Taranga as the national flag of Hindustan posing the Hindus as the successors of the British. In addition, it stated that there was no third party in the Indian Sub- Continent other than the British and the Hindus neglecting the Muslims. Secondly, Nehru’s prejudiced move of declaring Bande Matram as the national song and to sing it before form a meetup was against the sentiments of Muslims. The song was nothing but propaganda against the Muslims in the backdrop of Sirajudal’s defeat in Bengal. In response, Quaid-e-Azam, including some organizations, objected to Nehru’s assertion saying it as the declaration of war by the Hindus against the Muslims; however, Nehru remained firm to his stance. So, it made the Muslims aware of the Congress’s vicious intentions to subdue Muslims.
3) Wardha and Vidiya Mander Educational schemes:
These schemes were started with the purpose to convert Muslims into Hindus. Under the scheme, the syllabus was changed in a way that it portrayed the Hindu religion supreme as compared to Islam, and compulsion was imposed to bow before goddess Saraswati in school hours. Also, it emphasized to fade the concept of the two-nation theory. These schemes were part of a bigger political plot to devoid the new generation of Muslims for their love of Islam, past glory, language, and cultural values. Also, It was an attempt to pale the importance of Islam before the Hindu religion. Therefore, Quaid-e-Azam outrightly rejected the scheme on 2 July, 1939. Besides, Moulana Ahmad Saeed- a supporter of the Congress- expressed disapproval and asked to launch a disobedient moment if the Congress went to implement the scheme further.
4) The Urdu language dispute and Pirpur and Shareef reports:
The Congress adopted the “kill Urdu policy” by declaring Hindi as the most common and national language of India. The idea was supported by Congress and refuted by the Muslim League. Moreover, in schools and official meetings, Hindi was posed as the sole medium of instruction. When the Muslims asked to keep everything in Urdu as well, Gandi said that it was a wastage of time and money to have a separate medium of instruction for minorities. It inflamed the Muslims’ sentiments. After the resignation of congress Ministries in 1939, two reports- Pirpur and Shareef- were drafted to highlight atrocities by Hindus.
Although Congress promised to work for the betterment of the Indian Subcontinent, it failed to keep its promise. It was an awakening move for the Muslims to stand and speak up for their rights else they had to live with Hindus for the rest of their lives. It Compelled the major political heads, like Quaid-e-Azam, to change their stance from living together to achieve a separate state for the Muslims. Therefore, the elections of 1937 proved to be a turning point in the life of the Muslims of the sub-continent.
To sum up, the elections of 1937 proved to be an immediate cause of separation for the Muslims of British India. The congress, due to its glaring victory in the elections, took itself as the successors of the Britishers leaving the Muslims and minorities rot in hell. Also, the adoption of discriminatory policies by the Congress and portraying Hinduism and Gandhi as a demigod for the Indian Sub-Continent enraged the Muslims and other minorities. All these circumstances had made the Muslims demand for a separate homeland.
About the writer:
Miss Rukhsana Khalid is one of the bonafide students of Sir Syed Kazim Ali. – one of the distinguished Grammarian in the world. Under his supervision, she is enrolled in course of Online Creative English Writing and learning Basic to Advanced Grammar. Primarily, she is an engineer and loves to write articles and blogs on various topics- Current Affairs, Pakistan Affairs, International Relations, and Beauty. In case of any query, please reach her at Rukhsanakhalid12@gmail.com
Name of the Student: Miss Rukhsana Khalid
Qualifications: B.Sc Chemical Engineering
Total Articles/Blogs: 4
English Coach: Sir Syed Kazim Ali
Course Taken: Creative English Writing & Article Writing
Like other competitive students, If you have a story to tell, guidance to help, knowledge to educate, or a perspective that can help CSS aspirants daily, welcome to CSSPrepForum. It is free to get your opinions, viewpoints, judgements, and thinking published, whether it is a blog, article, essay, application, letter, precis, comprehension, MCQs, or anything that helps competitive youth of Pakistan. CSSPrepForum is a place that let you connect with thousands of competitive readers, and helps your voice heard across the community. Let’s start writing and get your voice heard to those who are looking for you. Email Your Write-ups at firstname.lastname@example.org
Available Online Courses
- Howfiv’s One Paper Commission Exam Prep Course | 2-Month Course | Let’s Register Now
- Online CSS, PMS English Class by Sir Syed Kazim Ali | Let’s Read How to Join
Blogs by Sir Syed Kazim Ali
- CSS 2021 Solved Paper English (Precis & Composition) by Sir Syed Kazim Ali
- CSS Solved Correction from 1990 to 2020 | Sentence Correction For CSS
- High-Frequency Vocabulary Words for CSS, PMS Aspirants
- 2000 Most Important Misspelt Words for CSS, PMS, FPSC, PPSC, NTS Students
- The Uses “Used To” in English
- CSS Solved Pair of Words 2000 to 2020
- 2500 Most Important Synonyms Practice MCQs for CSS, PMS, UPSC, IAS, GRE, GAT, GMAT, SAT
- 2000 Most Important Antonyms Practice MCQs for CSS, PMS, UPSC, IAS, GRE, GAT, GMAT, SAT
- 500 Plus Usage of Synonyms in Sentences MCQs for CSS, PMS, UPSC, IAS, GRE, GAT, GMAT, SAT
- 500 Plus Usage of Antonyms in Sentences MCQs for CSS, PMS, UPSC, IAS, GRE, GAT, GMAT, SAT
Blogs by Sir Ch. Rameez
- Arabia Before Islam MCQs by Sir Rameez
- Islamiat MCQs Related to Angels by Sir Rameez
- One Liner for Important Events in Islam Chronologically by Sir Badar
- One-Liner for History of the Sub-Continent and Pakistan Chronologically by Sir Badar
- Islamiat Most Important Ahadis Questions (MCQs) by Sir Rameez
- Indus Valley Civilization Questions (MCQs) by Sir Rameez
Blogs by Miss Nirmal
- Most Important Scientific Discoveries and Inventions by Miss Nirmal
- Units of Measurements for Important Physical Quantities by Miss Nirmal
- Most Important EDS Abbreviations Alphabetically | One-Liner of EDS Abbreviations by Miss Nirmal
Blogs by Miss Bakhtawar
- History of the World MCQs by Miss Bakhtawar
- Most Important Human Tribes MCQs by Miss Bakhtawar
- Constitutional History and Amendments MCQs by Miss Bakhtawar
- Most Important Battles and Wars MCQs by Miss Bakhtawar Zulfiqar
- Constitutional Amendments in Pakistan in Brief
Blogs by Miss Syeda Saba
- 100 Uncommon Words and Phrases for One Paper 100 Marks MCQs Exam
- Top 300 One-Word Substitution for One Paper 100 Marks Exams by Miss Syeda Saba
- 1000 plus Most Repeated Synonyms MCQs asked in FPSC, PPSC, SPSC, BPSC, KPPSC, NTS, Screening Tests
- 1000 plus Most Repeated Antonyms MCQs asked in FPSC, PPSC, SPSC, BPSC, KPPSC, NTS, Screening Tests
- 1,600 Spelling Practice MCQs for FPSC, PPSC, SPSC, KPPSC, BPSC, NTS, & Screening Tests
- Most Repeated Analogy MCQs in FPSC, PPSC, SPSC, BPSC, KPPSC, CSS, & Screening Tests
Articles and news that you might love to read!
- Kids Corner | Your Kids Joyful Learning Starts Here
- CSS Solved General Science and Ability (GSA) 2021 Paper
- Are You Looking to Learn CSS, PMS English?
- CSS 2021 Solved Paper English (Précis & Composition) by Sir Syed Kazim Ali
- How to Qualify for One Paper Commission Exam in Two Months
- Matric (9th & 10th) | Past Papers & Advanced 5k+ MCQs
- F.Sc. (Part-I & II) | Past Papers & Advanced 10k+ MCQs
- CSS 20 Years Solved Past Papers MCQs | Compulsory + Optional
- Do You Know Article Usage? Let’s Play Article Quiz | 1000+ MCQs
- CSS Solved Correction from 1990 to 2020
- How did Miss Bakhtawar TOP FPSC One Paper MCQs exams?
- How to qualify for CSS Essay Paper and how to attempt it?
- The best CSS English teacher in Pakistan, who helped me qualify
- Top 3 best CSS English teachers in Pakistan for CSS & PMS Aspirants
- The Uses of “Used To”, “Be Used To”, & “Get Used To”
- CSS Solved Everyday Science (GSA) Past Paper 1985
- CSS Solved Everyday Science (GSA) Past Paper 1986
- CSS Solved Everyday Science (GSA) Past Paper 1987
- 500 Plus Sentence Structures MCQs for the students of SAT, GAT, GMAT, GRE, CSS, FPSC, PPSC, UPSC, SSC, and all other competitive exams.
- 200 Plus Nouns Errors MCQs for the students of SAT, GAT, GMAT, GRE, CSS, FPSC, PPSC, UPSC, SSC, and all other competitive exams.
- 700 Plus Article Usage MCQs for the students of SAT, GAT, GMAT, GRE, CSS, FPSC, PPSC, UPSC, SSC, and all other competitive exams.
- 600 Plus Article Usage MCQs for the students of SAT, GAT, GMAT, GRE, CSS, FPSC, PPSC, UPSC, SSC, and all other competitive exams.
- FPSC Senior Auditor (BS-16) Free Study Material | Past Papers for FPSC Senior Auditor | 25,000 Plus Practice MCQs
- 20 Years Solved CSS Synonyms & Antonyms MCQs with detailed explanations
- 20 Years Solved CSS Idioms and Phrases MCQs with detailed explanations
- 20 Years Solved CSS Pair of Words MCQs with detailed explanations
- 20 Years Solved Pakistan Affairs MCQs with detailed explanations
- 20 Years Solved CSS Current Affairs MCQs with detailed explanations
- 20 Years Solved CSS Islamiat MCQs with detailed explanations